Assessment Terminology Study Tool

qrwiles's version from 2015-12-21 07:16


Question Answer
Curricular AimTo characterize the desired outcomes of instruction
Formative Assessment The use of assessment-elicited evidence intended to improve unsuccessful yet still modifiable instruction
Summative Assessment A relatively unmodifiable set of instructional activities
Educational Assessment A formal attempt to determine students' status with respect to educational variables of interest
Assessment LiteracyConsists of an individual's understandings of the fundamental assessment concepts and procedures deemed likely to influence educational decisions
The Council of Chief State School Officers (CCSO)A nationwide, nonprofit or organization of public officials who lead K-12 education in 50 states
Unitary Assessment Approach An assessment strategy has been employed that, in one fell swoop, captures students' mastery of lesser, contributory sub skills and bodies of knowledge
Affective Assessment Deals with a student's attitudes, interests, and values, such as the student's self-esteem, risk-taking tendencies, or attitudes toward learning
Content StandardsDescribes the knowledge or skills that educators want students to learn
Performance StandardsIdentifies the desired level of proficiency at which educators want a content standard mastered
StandardsWhat students should understand and be able to do
ClustersRepresents groups of related standards
DomainsAre larger groups of related standards
Alignment Refers to the degree to which there is a meaningful agreement between two or more of the following: curriculum, instruction, and assessment
The National Assessment of Educational Progress (NAEP)Is a congressionally mandated project of the U.S. Department of Education. It assesses U.S. students' knowledge and skills in geography, reading, writing, mathematics, science, U.S. history, the arts, civics, and other academic subjects
The National Assessment Governing Board (NAGB)Created by Congress in 1988to formulate policy for NAEP. Its responsibilities is the development of assessment objectives for NAEP through a national consensus approach
Assessment Blueprints Are essentially two-way tables in which one dimension represents the curricular aims the teacher wants to assess, while the other dimension represents the levels of cognitive functioning being sought
Norm-referenced Measurement Educators interpret a student's performance in relation to the performances of students who have previously taken the same examination
Criterion-referenced Measurement Is an absolute interpretation because it hinges on the extent to which the criterion (that is, curricular aim) represented by the test is actually mastered by the student
Assessment EventsAre occasions when teachers gather information about students' learning. Happens when teachers look at homework or observe classroom discussions to see it students understand a particular concept or idea
Common Assessment EventsOccurs when a teacher gives a test at the end of an instructional unit
Diagnostic Assessment Provide detailed information about strengths and weaknesses of individual students
ModificationRefers to changes in goals, objectives, curricula, or expected levels of competence to meet the needs of students with disabilities
Accommodations Refers to adaptations in assessment on the same goals, objectives, and curriculum as for no disabled students
Validity Is an integrative, evaluative judgement of the degree to which evidence and theory support the inferences and actions based on test scores and other modes of assessment