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Aspects of Physical Fitness

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dalryschool's version from 2015-10-30 12:29

National 4 & 5 Physical Education

On this page you will learn about aspects of Physical Fitness. Good luck!

Preparation for Performance Development

 

Question Answer
SSpecific
P Progression
0Overload
RReversibility
TTedium
memorize

Strength

 

Question Answer
Static Strengthrequired to hold same position for a steady period of time.
Dynamic Strengthrequired to repeatedly make movements over a longer period of time.
Explosive Strengthrequired to propel or drive forward quickly for shorter period of time.
memorize

Types of Training

 

Question Answer
Interval Trainingtraining with periods of rest between the activity to give heart and lungs time to recover.
Continuous Trainingtraining with the same steady pace over the whole activity.
Conditioning Trainingtraining or short bursts on different activities set up in ‘stations’.
memorize

Principles of Training

 

Question Answer
Intensityhow much energy is spent on training.
Durationhow long is spent on training.
Frequencyhow many training sessions are carried out each week
Progressive Overloadincrease in training or repetitions.
Reversibilityquick loss of fitness after absence or injury.
Tediumthe levels of boredom and motivation during training.
memorize

Different Joints

 

Question Answer
Anklejoins foot to lower leg.
Kneejoins lower leg to upper leg.
Hipjoins upper leg to body.
Fingerjoins fingers to hand.
Wristjoins hand to lower arm.
Elbowjoins lower arm to upper arm.
Shoulderjoins upper arm to body.
Neckjoins body to head.
memorize

Types of Joints

 

Question Answer
Ball and Socketfound at the hip and shoulder.
Hingefound at the elbows and knees.
Glidingfound at the ankles and wrists.
Pivotfound at the neck.
memorize

Muscle Pairs

 

Question Answer
Agonistmuscle which makes a movement happen.
Antagonistmuscle which tries to stop the movement happen.
memorize

Warm Up

 

Question Answer
Stage Oneany activity which raises heart-rate.
Stage Twoany activity which focuses on stretching the muscles and joints.
Stage Threeany activity which focuses on the skills which will be used in the activity.
memorize

Stretching

 

Question Answer
Passive Stretching (with partner)performer relaxes and lets partner move arms or legs gently.
Passive Stretching (without partner)performer holds own arms or legs in gentle movements.
Static Stretchingperformer uses own body weight to take up a position and gradually stretch different muscles, holding them for a few minutes.
Dynamic Stretchingperformer carries out a range of repeated exercises of muscles on each side of the body.
memorize

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