Ashley Mendizabal- Medieval Japan Test Questionrename
ashleymendizabal's version from 2016-04-25 01:55
|Shinto||The tradition religion of Japan|
|Prince Shotoku||One of the people most influential in bring Chinese ideas to Japan|
|Regent||Is a person who rules a country for someone who is unable to rule alone|
|Court||A group of nobles who live near and serve or advise a ruler|
|Lady Murasaki Shikibu||One of the greatest writers in Japan history|
|Zen||Popular new from of Buddhism, arrived from China|
|Unprecedented||Having no equal|
|Equestrian||Related to horses|
|Brocades||Rich cloths with designs woven into them|
|Cormorant||Large diving birds|
|Unpretentious||Simple ; modest|
|Daimyo||Janpan's large land owners|
|Samurai||Trained professional owiriors|
|Figuerhead||A person who appears to role even thought real power rests with someone else|
|Shogun||A general who ruled Japan in the emperor's name|
|Bushido||The samurai code of rules|
What Is Japan's geography like?:The interior is mostly mountainous, while the coast is flatter and has food
How did emperors take power in Japan?: Yamato clan leaders conquered the neighboring clans with their military might.
What types of landforms cover most of Japan?: Mountains cover most of Japan.
How did Japan's location both separate it from and tie it to China and Korea?:Japan was an island, so it isolated it from most cultures, but it was closest to China and Korea.
What is Shinto? :Shinto is the traditional religion of Japan.
How did the Yamato rulers gain power? :They conquered the neighboring clans with their strong military.
How did Prince Shotoku help spread Buddhism in Japan? :He sent scholars to learn about Buddhism and built the Horyuji temple, a Buddhist temple
Where did Japan's court move in the late 700s? :The Japanese court moved to Heian, which is now called Kyoto.
Why are the 800s to 1100s considered a golden age for Japanese literature and art? :During the Heian period, the city of Heian was a center of culture and learning, as fashion, literature, visual arts, architecture, and performing arts flourished.
Do you think women in Heian had more rights and freedoms than women in other societies? Why or why not? :During the Heian period, women had more rights than in other cultures.
What were two forms of Buddhism that developed in Japan?: Pure land and Zen Buddhism forms were developed in Japan.
How was religion among Japanese nobles different from religion among the common people? :Religion among Japanese nobles included elaborate rituals. Since common people couldn't afford these, they developed a meditation type of Buddhism.
Why do you think Pure Land Buddhism was popular with common people?: Pure Land Buddhism required no special and elaborate rituals, which commoners couldn't afford.
What was the relationship between samurai and daimyo? :Samurai were hired to defend the daimyo and their property.
Why do you think the first shogun wanted to keep the emperor as a figurehead? :The shogun would have wanted to kept the emperor as a figurehead so that the emperor would be the one to face the consequences of the shogun's actions.
What was Bushido?: Bushido was a samurai code of rules that included loyalty and honor.
Why did samurai take up pursuits like flower arranging? :They focused on the art of meditation and focus
Who invaded Japan in the 1270s and 1280s? :Kublai Khan and the Mongol army invaded Japan in the 1270s and 1280s.
How did the daimyo help weaken the shoguns? :Daimyo fought to break free of the shogun's rule because they felt that the shogun didn't give enough credit for their help defending Japan from the Mongols.
What strong leaders worked to unify Japan in the late 1500s?: Oda Nobunaga and Tokugawa Ieyasu were two such leaders.