Ashley Mendizabal- Medieval Japan Test Question

ashleymendizabal's version from 2016-04-25 01:55


Question Answer
Clansextended families
Shinto The tradition religion of Japan
Prince Shotoku One of the people most influential in bring Chinese ideas to Japan
Regent Is a person who rules a country for someone who is unable to rule alone
Court A group of nobles who live near and serve or advise a ruler
Lady Murasaki Shikibu One of the greatest writers in Japan history
Zen Popular new from of Buddhism, arrived from China
Unprecedented Having no equal
Equestrian Related to horses
Mustered Gathered together
Brocades Rich cloths with designs woven into them
Cormorant Large diving birds
Inferiority Lower rank
Repast Meal
Unpretentious Simple ; modest
Coronets Small crowns
Daimyo Janpan's large land owners
Samurai Trained professional owiriors
Figuerhead A person who appears to role even thought real power rests with someone else
Shogun A general who ruled Japan in the emperor's name
Bushido The samurai code of rules
Are most of Japan's major cities in the interior or on the coast? Why do you think this is so?:Most of the major cities of Japan are on the coast because the mountains are hard to live on.
What Is Japan's geography like?:The interior is mostly mountainous, while the coast is flatter and has food
How did emperors take power in Japan?: Yamato clan leaders conquered the neighboring clans with their military might.
  What types of landforms cover most of Japan?: Mountains cover most of Japan.
How did Japan's location both separate it from and tie it to China and Korea?:Japan was an island, so it isolated it from most cultures, but it was closest to China and Korea.
What is Shinto? :Shinto is the traditional religion of Japan.
How did the Yamato rulers gain power? :They conquered the neighboring clans with their strong military.
How did Prince Shotoku help spread Buddhism in Japan? :He sent scholars to learn about Buddhism and built the Horyuji temple, a Buddhist temple
  Where did Japan's court move in the late 700s? :The Japanese court moved to Heian, which is now called Kyoto.
Why are the 800s to 1100s considered a golden age for Japanese literature and art? :During the Heian period, the city of Heian was a center of culture and learning, as fashion, literature, visual arts, architecture, and performing arts flourished.
  Do you think women in Heian had more rights and freedoms than women in other societies? Why or why not? :During the Heian period, women had more rights than in other cultures.
What were two forms of Buddhism that developed in Japan?: Pure land and Zen Buddhism forms were developed in Japan.
How was religion among Japanese nobles different from religion among the common people? :Religion among Japanese nobles included elaborate rituals. Since common people couldn't afford these, they developed a meditation type of Buddhism.
  Why do you think Pure Land Buddhism was popular with common people?: Pure Land Buddhism required no special and elaborate rituals, which commoners couldn't afford.
What was the relationship between samurai and daimyo? :Samurai were hired to defend the daimyo and their property.
Why do you think the first shogun wanted to keep the emperor as a figurehead? :The shogun would have wanted to kept the emperor as a figurehead so that the emperor would be the one to face the consequences of the shogun's actions.
What was Bushido?: Bushido was a samurai code of rules that included loyalty and honor.
Why did samurai take up pursuits like flower arranging? :They focused on the art of meditation and focus
Who invaded Japan in the 1270s and 1280s? :Kublai Khan and the Mongol army invaded Japan in the 1270s and 1280s.
How did the daimyo help weaken the shoguns? :Daimyo fought to break free of the shogun's rule because they felt that the shogun didn't give enough credit for their help defending Japan from the Mongols.
What strong leaders worked to unify Japan in the late 1500s?: Oda Nobunaga and Tokugawa Ieyasu were two such leaders.

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