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AS World History U4

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agp71601's version from 2016-11-18 04:10

Section

Question Answer
believed that individuals acting in their own self-interest created economic progress;thinker Adam Smith
violates Habeus Corpus;Power of Purse Charles I
son of Charles I; restoration !1660!; invited to be kingCharles II
English politican and writer; attacked medieval schlors bc they relied too much on Aristotle's ideasFrancis Bacon
discovered Heliocentric Theory; published newsletters called Starry Messenger and published book called Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World SystemsGalileo Galilei
"Paris is worth a mass" "Being king is worth converting to another religion"Henry IV
wrote a book called "Mathematical Principles of Natural Philosophy"; helped bring together their breakthrough under a single theory of motionIsaac Newton
closest relative to Elizabeth;King of James Bible;conflict with Parliament; the divine rightJames I
spent more time watching King Louis control nobility; catholic background; more law and favors in different people; imitates Louis;absolute monarchyJames II
noble savage; individual freedom; thought civilization corrupts people; "Man is born free and everywhere he is in chains"Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Tycho Brahe's assistant that continued his work after he died; Kepler's Laws of Planetary Motion (1621); made conclusions to Brahe's data so that is how he made the lawsJohannes Kepler
enlightenment;believes that purpose of government is to protect natural rights; self-gov'tJohn Locke
(1643-1715) reason why massive huge palace at Versailles;Fronde at Tuileries; most powerful ruler in France historyLouis XIV
eldest daughter of Charles VI; main enemy was Prussia; wanted peaceful reignMaria Theresa
"A Vindication of Rights of Woman; felt strongly for Women's rightsMary Wollstoneraft
astronomer; old greek idea; wrote findings in a book called "On the Revolutions of the Heavenly Bodies" Nicolaus Copernicus
-Siglo de Oro (1556-1598)Philip II
invented analytical geometry; "Cogio ergo sum" = "I think, therefore I am"; Cartesian planeRene Descartes
Leviathan;"war of every man against every man"; absolute monarchyThomas Hobbes
recorded planets movements for many years; danish astronomerTycho Brahe
freedom of speech; "he will fight to the death to get the right to say it"Voltaire
married Mary;king of EnglandWilliam of Orange
"L'etat C'estmoi""I am the state"
"Paris is worth a mass"kings gain power from nobles and the church Absolutism  being a king is worth converting to another religion
Divine RightsGod chose you to be king
Habeus Corpusrequiring a person under arrest to be brought before a judge or into court
Magna CartaThe Great Charter', is one of the most famous documents in the world. Originally issued by King John of England (r.1199-1216) as a practical solution to the political crisis he faced
Defenestration of Pragueincident of Bohemian resistance to Habsburg authority that preceded the beginning of the Thirty Years' War
Status Quo Antebellumcurrent condition before the war
Tabula Rasaa blank slate;its a natural state
Diplomatic RevolutionHapsburg(HRE&Austria) and Bourbons(France) allied and Britains and Prussia allied
Leviathantheir hero idea of Enlightened Despot;made up of thousands of people
"Consent of the Governed"Gov't needs the people's consent or they can be overthrown
famous for separation power; checks and balances Montesquieu
memorize