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AS Chemistry Cations and Anions

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devecazo's version from 2015-07-05 06:00

Section 1

Question Answer
HydrogenH (+)
LithiumL (+)
SodiumNa (+)
PotassiumK (+)
SilverAg (+)
AmmoniumNH4 (+)
MagnesiumMg (2+)
CalciumCa (2+)
StrontiumSr (2+)
BariumBa (2+)
Iron(II), FerrousFe (2+)
Copper(II), CupricCu (2+)
Copper(I), CuprousCu(+)
ZincZn (2+)
Tin(II), StannousSn (2+)
Nickel(II), NickelousNi (2+)
Lead(II), PlumbousPb (2+)
AluminiumAl (3+)
Iron(III), FerricFe (3+)
Chromium(III), ChromicCr (3+)
CadmiumCd(2+)
Cobalt (II), CobaltousCo(2+)
Manganese (II), ManganousMn(2+)
Mercury (I), MercurousHg(2+)
Antimony (III), AntimonousSb(3+)
Arsenic (III), ArsenousAs(3+)
Cobalt (III), CobalticCo(3+)
Nickel (III), NickelicNi (3+)
Tin (IV), StannicSn(4+)
Platinum (IV)Pt(4+)
Lead (IV), PlumbicPb(4+)
memorize

Anions

Question Answer
AcetateCH3COO(-)
BromideBr(-)
BromateBrO3(-)
ChlorideCl(-)
ChlorateClO3(-)
ChloriteClO2(-)
CyanideCN(-)
Dihydrogen PhosphateH2PO4(-)
FluorideF(-)
HydrideH(-)
Hydrogen Carbonate/BicarbonateHCO3(-)
Hydrogen Sulfate (bisulfate)HSO4(-)
Hydrogen Sulfite (bisulfite)HSO3(-)
HydroxideOH(-)
HypochloriteClO(-)
IodateIO3(-)
IodideI(-)
NitrateNO3(-)
NitriteNO2(-)
PerchlorateClO4(-)
PermanganateMnO4(-)
ThiocyanateCNS(-)
CarbonateCO3(2-)
ChromateCrO4(2-)
DichromateCr2O7(2-)
Monohydrogen Phosphate/BiphosphateHPO4(-2)
OxalateC2O4(-2)
OxideO(2-)
SulfateSO4(2-)
SulfideS(2-)
SulfiteSO3(2-)
ArsenateAsO4(3-)
Phosphate/orthophosphatePO4(3-)
memorize

Section 3

Question Answer
Sulfuric acid (sulfate)H2SO4
Hydrochloric acid (chloride)HCl
Nitric acid (Nitrate)HNO3
Phosphoric acid (phosphate)H3PO4
memorize

Section 4

Question Answer
Metal + acid= salt + hydrogen
Metal oxide + acid= salt + water
Alkali + acid= salt + water
Metal carbonate + acid= salt + water + carbon dioxide
memorize