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ARTH Midterm 1 - section 2

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zifomika's version from 2015-04-21 21:22

Section 1

Question Answer
17th-century New Amsterdam
gambrel roof
gambrel roof
Charleston houses
Charleston houses
end of 17th century…New England saltbox vs. Chesapeake slight framing
TRANSFORMATION: around 1720s/30s, British-American builders throughout the colonies begin to construct larger, more elaborate and permanent houses and public buildings
18th-c. English Georgian house…nicer than American-Georgian houses…English Georgian building is never fully copied
Georgian Revival style buildings
top two are in Maine/VA, bottom is in England…English is far more ostentatious and opulent…object is never more sophisticated than the audience for whom it is intended
18th-century New Hampshire Georgian house
basic Georgian plan…flexible/adaptable…4 rooms of varied size and use separated by a passage
modified Georgian plan…
basic Georgian plan…flexible/adaptable…4 rooms of varied size and use separated by a passage
Georgian: introduction of decorative features around doors and windows and at corners
Georgian decorative feature: quoins
Georgian decorative feature: roof deck
memorize

Section 2

Question Answer
glazed header...brick ornamentation a marker of status
'brick ender'…facades wood cladding scored to look like stone
Flemish bond with glazed headers…most elaborate use of brick…brick construction a marker of status
seven-course American bond..header courses separate flat, horizontal bricks laid horizontally
status encoded in brick bonding pattern
string course was another element of Georgian ornamentation
water table and plinth
rubbed brick
Georgian designers favored classical architectural features: temple-front designs; porticos; columns…correct use of Orders of architecture
Georgian designers favored classical architectural features: temple-front designs; porticos; columns…correct use of Orders of architecture
Greek orders of architecture…Doric stands on no base…Ionic had feminine connotations...
Roman orders of architecture…Doric stands on a base
engaged columns/pediments favored by Georgian architects…porch, often extending from building, provides an impressive entry to the building
pilasters favored by Georgian architects
Jeremiah and Martha Lee portraits - John Singleton Copley, painter c. 1769…symbol of status…Copley was a prestigious artists
Roman Tuscan Order
probate inventories
original frame of Dartmouth Hall before 1904 fire
memorize

Section 3

Question Answer
columns and engaged columns supporting a portico on Tuck Mall
Jeremiah Lee House - Marblehead, MA - 1768
Jeremiah Lee House - Marblehead, MA - 1768
view from cupola - Jeremiah Lee House
upstairs - Jeremiah Lee House
entrance - Jeremiah Lee House
passage - Jeremiah Lee House
?? not sure what room - Jeremiah Lee House
staircase - Jeremiah Lee House
parlor - Jeremiah Lee House
upstairs - Jeremiah Lee House
office - Jeremiah Lee House
Wentworth-Gardner - Portsmouth, NH - 1760
entrance - Wentworth-Gardner
Wentworth-Gardner - Portsmouth, NH - 1760
Wentworth-Gardner - Portsmouth, NH - 1760
entrance - Wentworth-Gardner - Portsmouth, NH - 1760
memorize

Section 4

Question Answer
1793 Dartmouth
Georgian style of Newport's public buildings
Redwood Library is a modified adaptation of San Giorgio Maggiore design by Andrea Palladio…S.G. Maggiore - 1566-1610
Italian Renaissance villa designed by Andrea Palladio - 1558
Touro Synagogue - Newport, RI - 1759 - Peter Harrison, designer
interior - Touro Synagogue
Redwood Library - Newport, RI - 1748 - Peter Harrison, designer
Peter Harrison - Newport, RI
interior - Touro Synagogue
Edward Hoppus print from 1736 edition of his translation of Palladio's Four Books on Architecture
whats this called? - Stratford Hall
grand stairs in plantation house passages
interior - Touro Synagogue
service stairs - Mount Vernon
Stratford Hall, c. 1738, Westmoreland Co., VA
processional landscape - Stratford Hall
entrance - Stratford Hall
service stairs - Montpelier
memorize

Section 5

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