Art History Terms

andersminor's version from 2015-09-26 16:04


Question Answer
Decorative impulseThe desire to decorate things. VENUS OF WILLENDORF
Framing devicesThe ways in which the components of an image bring focus to its center point. BULL LEAPING FRESCO
"Venuses"Naming devices from Roman Goddess of love and beauty. Upper Paleolithic figures like WOMAN OF WILLENDORF
Memory imageMental image of something previously experienced. HALL OF THE BULLS
Sympathetic magicThe belief that a person/thing can be affected by an object/drawing representing it. (Cave paintings of men hunting would ensure a good hunt) DEER HUNT, CATALHOYUK
Composite posePart of the figure is drawn from profile, while another part is head-on. HALL OF THE BULLS
HengeCircle of stones or posts surrounded by a ditch with built-up enbankments. STONEHENGE
Post and lintelTwo uprights (posts support a horizontal element (lintel). STONEHENGE
BandSmall group of people (30-50) that cooperate as a community. Hunter-gatherer society
TribeNotional form of human organization made up of several bands with some form of politics and language/culture/ideology
ChiefdomLeadership monopolized by a single family or "houses" and selected based on kinship
StateAn organization, established group with defined territories that are defended
PostglacialPeriod after major recession of glaciers and warming of global temperatures ~10,000 years ago
AgricultureDevelopment and cultivation of land in order to grow food and raise animals in a permanent establishment
Environmental determinismThe physical environment affects social and cultural development. ANU ZIGGURAT AND WHITE TEMPLE
Cultural diffusionSpread of cultural beliefs and activities from one group to another ((Egyptians/Minoans)
ZigguratElevated, stepped structures with a strine or temple on top ( Sumerians) ANU ZIGGURAT AND WHITE TEMPLE
Bent axisArchitecture with 2+ angular changes in direction. Sharp, 90 degree progression (Sumerian)- ANU ZIGGURAT AND WHITE TEMPLE
MesopotamiaArea between Euphrates and Tigris rivers, present-day Iraq. Home of the Sumerians
Fertile CrescentThe fertile crescent of land that holds Mesopotamia
VotiveImages dedicated to the Gods, but not necessarily OF the gods. An offering. WARKA VASE OR CARVED VESSEL, URUK, IRAQ
RegisterHorizontal band (there are 3) of a visual narrative in Sumerian writing. WARKA VASE OR CARVED VESSEL, URUK, IRAQ
Hierarchical scaleThe size of a figure depicted in art relates to their importance. TI SUPERVISING A HIPPOPOTAMUS HUNT, FROM THE TOMB OF TI, SAQQARA, OLD KINGDOM, EGYPT
LyreSmall instrument like a harp. Played during funerals/ceremonies. GREAT LYRE WITH BULL'S HEAD OF SUMER
Cylinder sealMade of stone, makes an impression on clay and used as sign of status. CYLINDER SEAL OF QUEEN PUABI, UR, SUMER
CuneiformWedge-shaped symbols that were pressed in a clay tablet with a stylus as a form of writing. CYLINDER SEAL OF QUEEN PUABI, UR, SUMER
SealRolled on clay by Sumerians to attest the authenticity or accuracy of a text, ensuring nobody could open a vessel or a room. CYLINDER SEAL OF QUEEN PUABI, UR, SUMER
SamsaraCycle of life, death, and rebirth. (Harappa, Indus Valley)
Bitumen (pitch)Black pitch used for art
YoniHarappa/Mohenjo Daro, Indus Valley. Vagina
LingaHarappa/Mohenjo Dar, Indus Valley. Penis
MonsoonSudden rainy season
Ma'atFeather; Egyptian goddess of truth, order, and justice.
KaThe soul/life force of the body. (housed in a statue)
MastabaFlat-top, one=story building with slanted walls over a burial chamber.
PyramidBurial/religious purposes
PalettePalette of Narmer, shows unification of Upper and Lower Egypt by King Narmer. Used to crush makeup (Palette of Narmer)
Fresco seccoWet paint on dry plaster. Fades quickly.
Buon frescoWet plaster helps bind to the pigment, lasts longer.
Kamares wareMinoan ceramic ; thin, colorful, and stylized. 'Bulged' with its contents, very sought-after. (Kamares-Ware Jug, Minoans)
FaienceThin, glazed Egyptian pottery, often beads or small statues.
CitadelA fortress on high ground protecting the city (Mycenaen citadel)
MegaronAxial in place with a large room well-decorated. (AXIAL? PURPOSE?) Mycenaen, Pylos Palace or Citadel At Mycenae)
Shaft gravesVertical pits 20-25ft deep, important ones were covered with stone and had treasures/burial masks in them. Mycenaen. (Mask of Agamemnon)
KraterType of Greek pot with lip, neck, shoulder, body, and foot.
MoundbilderBuilt by Adenans and served as burial/ceremonial sites.
SacrificeGiving of life/blood in order to appease Gods, hold social status, or ensure prosperity. Bloodletting of the Mayans
JadeA valuable green stone. Offering 4, La Venta, Mexico. Olmec Culture
GreenstoneSame as Jade
QuetzacoatlA Teotihucacan figure, half bird and half serpent.