Art & Archeology Test 2

rosesarered's version from 2017-10-11 16:39

Section 1: Gods to know

Question Answer
Ammitfemale goddess, devourer of the dead
Amunsun god, king of the gods and god of the wind
Anubisgod of cemeteries and embalming
Apophischaos, opponent of light and ma-at (order/truth), a sea dragon, lives here and tries to stop Ra
Atendisk of the sun, aspect of the god Ra
Hathorgoddess of the sky, dance, love, beauty, joy, motherhood, foreign lands, mining, music and fertility
Horusgod of the sky and kingship
Isis/Nepthyssisters, nepthys is goddess of death, service, lamentation, night time and rivers
Ma’at (order)goddess of truth and justice
Osirisgod of the afterlife, death, life, and resurrection
Ptahearth god- god of creation, the arts, fertility, and craftsmen
Rasun god, originally from Heliopolis
Set (Seth)god of stroms, desert, evil, chaos, and war
Thothgod of knowledge, thought, intelligence, etc

Section 2: Crowns to know

Question Answer
White crownHedjet, upper Egypt
Red crownDeshret, lower Egypt
Double crown or White and RedPshent, unified Egypt
Nemes crown
Double feather crown
Atef crowncrown of Osiris
Uraeus/Wadjetcobra goddess (lower Egypt)
Nekhbetvulture (upper Egypt)

Section 3: Parts of the Egyptian Soul

Question Answer
Sheut shadow
Kavital spark/breath

Section 4: Pharaohs to know

Narmer (Menes) – first to wear the Nemes crown (note the dyslexic spelling of the crown)
Question Answer
Amenhotep IV/Akhenaten
Ramses II

Section 5: General Vocabulary

Question Answer
Amarna Periodera of Egyptian history during the latter half of the Eighteenth Dynasty when the royal residence of the pharaoh and his queen was shifted to Akhetaten in what is now Amarna
Ankhhieroglyph meaning life
Ben benpyramidion = name of the shape, capstone
Book of the deadancient egyptian funerary text
Canon of proportionegyptian based on fist, palette of narmer
Canopic jarsused by the ancient Egyptians during the mummification process to store and preserve the viscera of their owner for the afterlife. They were commonly either carved from limestone or were made of pottery
Capital (column capitals)bud vs open
Cartouchea carved tablet or drawing representing a scroll with rolled-up ends, used ornamentally or bearing an inscription, an oval or oblong enclosing a group of Egyptian hieroglyphs, typically representing the name and title of a monarch
Clerestorythe upper part of the nave, choir, and transepts of a large church, containing a series of windows. It is clear of the roofs of the aisles and admits light to the central parts of the building
Hieratic scaletechnique where artist uses unnatural proportions scale to depict the relative importance of the figures in the artwork.
Hieroglyphcharacer of ancient egyptian writing system
Hypostyle hall large room with columns
Iconoclasmsocial belief in the importance of the destruction of usually religious icons and other images or monuments
Lotus used to symbolize the deceased upon entering the underworld and the process of rebirth, regeneration and reincarnation
Mastabaan ancient Egyptian tomb rectangular in shape with sloping sides and a flat roof, standing to a height of 17–20 feet (5–6 m), consisting of an underground burial chamber with rooms above it (at ground level) in which to store offerings
Mortuary templetemples that were erected adjacent to, or in the vicinity of, royal tombs in Ancient Egypt. The temples were designed to commemorate the reign of the Pharaoh by whom they were constructed, as well as for use by the Pharaoh's cult after death
Necropoliscity of the dead, cemetary with elaborate tomb monuments
Nu/Nunwaters of chaos
Obeliska stone pillar, typically having a square or rectangular cross section and a pyramidal top, set up as a monument or landmark
Osiran/Osirid Pillar or Column (same thing)
Peristylea row of columns surrounding a space within a building such as a court or internal garden or edging a veranda or porch
Pylon the gateway to the inner part of an Ancient Egyptian temple
Rock cut tombburial chamber that is cut into an existing, naturally occurring rock formation, usually along the side of a hill
Sarcophagusa stone coffin, typically adorned with a sculpture or inscription
Serdabmeans cold water, ancient Egyptian tomb structure that served as a chamber for the Ka statue of a deceased individual
Serekhornamental vignette combining a view of a palace facade and a plan (top view) of the royal courtyard, means facade
Sphinxmythical creature with the head of a human and the body of a lion
Therianthropymythological ability of human beings to metamorphose into other animals by means of shapeshifting
ushabti/ushebti (servant statues)funerary figurines placed in tombs to act as servants for the deceased
Wedjateye of horus
SenenmutHatshepsut’s architect
ImhotepDjoser’s architect