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Art Appr Test 4

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rosesarered's version from 2016-12-12 05:50

Section: Early Renaissance Art Ch. 12

Question Answer
*Double Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini & his wifeJan Van Eyck - Early Renaissance Art (Belgium) - representation of textile merchant, easel painting, commissioned for Giovanni's home not for a church, 33" tall, appears to be secular everyday life but religious undertones and symbolism
renaissancemeans "rebirth", changes in worldviews, thoughts, values, more humanistic, more confidence in self
oil paintingmedium of painting - the most prominent painting for centuries, allows for minute detail, powdered stone mixed with oil, can erase and blend easily, takes long time to dry, developed in Northern Europe
*Ghent AltarpieceJan & Hubert Van Eyck - Early Renaissance Art - open - 11 ft tall, 15 ft wide - multicolored, foreshortening, overlapping figures - Mary, Jesus, John the Baptist
*Ghent Altarpiece, back panelsJan & Hubert Van Eyck - Early Renaissance Art - closed - a little bit of shading, drab, patrons (in red) shows piety, wealth, spirituality
artist workshopmain artist creates design, theme, features, but have young artists actually paint it
*Merode Altarpiece (Triptych of the Annunciation)Workshop of Master of Flemalle - Early Renaissance Art - detail of left wing
*Merode Altarpiece (Triptych of the Annunciation)Workshop of Master of Flemalle - Early Renaissance Art - everyday life, simulates home in Flanders in 15th century but religious scene and much symbolism, 3-paneled (triptych), scene from Bible: angel tells Mary she will have Jesus, Mary is reading, doesn't know yet, Joseph on right - patrons (Merodes) on left watching
*The DepositionRogier van der Weyden - Early Renaissance Art - 1-paneled altarpiece, scene from Bible: Jesus being taken down from the cross
picture planeflat surface objects are represented on, artists try to make you forget it
*Dome of Florence CathedralFilippo Brunelleschi - Early Renaissance Art - bronze relief cast sculptures (made in bronze), entry for Florence baptistery,
*Sacrifice of IsaacLorenzo Ghilberti - Early Renaissance Art - entry for Florence baptistery
*DavidDonatello - Early Renaissance Art -
linear perspectiveone point & multiple point perspective, everything appears to recede into the distance at the same rate, method of creating the illusion of 3D space on a 2D surface by delineating a horizon line and multiple orthogonal lines, recede to meet at 1 or more vanishing points giving appearance of spatial depth
orthogonal sany line running back into the represented space of a picture perpendicular to imagined plane, in linear perspective all orthogonals converge at vanishing point and are basis for grid that maps internal space of image
*Delivery of Keys to St. PeterPerugino - Early Renaissance Art - in Sistine Chapel, symmetrical, linear perspective
*TrinityMasaccio - Early Renaissance Art - linear perspective, sophisticated, commissioned by private donors, created illusion of "private chapel" in painting
*Expulsion of Adam & Eve from ParadiseMasaccio - Early Renaissance Art
*The Tribute MoneyMasaccio - Early Renaissance Art
memorize

Section: High Renaissance & Reformation Ch. 13

Question Answer
*Vitruvian ManLeonardo da Vinci - High Renaissance Art - inspired by writings of Vitruvius, text is da Vinci's observations (written left to right), close study of human body (humanism), Reformation had big effect on Arts with challenging of church's authority
artist's social statusrises, become international celebrities, artists were lured/hired by royalty, priests, other empires
arts become seen as liberal arts(requires technical and thinking skill)
Renaissance thinkingself-confident, expanded humanism, enduring enration? of classical forms, greater sense of design (stability and harmony)
Leonardo da Vinci-Renaissance man, artist, painter, architect, interested in geology, anatomy, engineering - viewed knowledge as the most noble of pursuits - his designs couldn't come to fruition because they were ahead of the times - only have 15 works of his art
Leonardo da Vinci--embodies phrase "man is measure of all things" (following thinking man not God is center of universe)
*The Last SupperLeonardo da Vinci - High Renaissance Art - painted for dining hall in monastery in Milan, kinda a fresco painting (combined oil and tempera painting on plaster), 15 ft tall, 25 ft wide - embodies order, harmony, stability in Christian ideas - based on 1-point perspective, Jesus' right eye is the vanishing point (seems to be extension of our space), 4 groups of 3 people around him, contrast of light & dark brings stability, chiaroscuro
chiaroscuro(means "black & white") an Italian word designating contrast of dark and light, creates spatial depth and volumetric forms through graduations in the intensity of light and shadow, brings stability, gives greater sense of 3D forms
*Mona LisaLeonardo da Vinci - High Renaissance Art - da Vinci's most famous work, most iconic art - 31" tall, 21" wide - oil painting, portrait of Lisa del Giacondo, engaging not formal, relaxed, almost a smile, naturalistic representation of her, no suggestion of wealth in clothing - background imagined by da Vinci - sfumato - portrait symbolizes pregnancy fertility life (maybe baby belly), never given back to patron
da Vinci quote"a work of art is never finished, but abandoned", was a perfectionist
mona/madonnameans "my lady"
sfumatomeans "smoky", painting with smoky haze, unifies image, gets away from lines - in painting, the effect of haze in image, resembling the color of the atmosphere at dusk
memorize

Section: pt. 2

Question Answer
*Madonna of the GoldfinchRaphael - High Renaissance Art - Mary, baby Jesus, baby John the Baptist - sense of calm restraint, scene, no drama/movement (from Leonardo), geometrical structure, sfumato - presented as mother, son, nephew, playful, not saints with halos, lifelike, idealized - real emotional, physical presence -
goldfinchsymbol of Christ's crucifixion, foreshadows future (Jesus' death) and Mary seems to know
Raphaelharmony, order, stability
*The School of AthensRaphael - High Renaissance Art - Raphael's most famous work, Rome became artistic/cultural center of Italy and Pope Julius wanted Raphael to decorate papal apartments - library, Raphael painted 4 branches of knowledge (theology, philosophy, poetry, and law), this one is philosophy - calm restraint, no movement, dynamic unity, ideals of Renaissance papacy, populated by Aristotle, Plato, Michelangelo, and himself - linear perspective, barrel-vaulted interior, represents classical philosophers, contrapposto, and foreshortening, breaks Classical conventions, brings Classical and Renaissance together
memorize

 

Question Answer
*PietaMichelangelo - High Renaissance Art - this work established him as at age 23 - Mary holding Jesus' body, mourning - marble ("set it free") - Mary looks youthful, suggests purity, vulnerability, an outward manifestation of inner virtue - Mary is much larger than Jesus, sense of weight
Michelangelobecame famous as a sculptor which he preferred, but famous for both sculpture and painting
pietameans "pity", popular in Europe but not Italy (preferred the Lamentation)
*DavidMichelangelo - High Renaissance Art - over 17 ft tall in the round - made for cathedral, but people liked it so much they put it in the city square and it became the symbol of Florence - moment before killing Goliath, calm restraint and anticipation, idealized, youthful, nude, sculpture, contrapposto, strong and defiant, David's looking directly at Rome, pent-up anger (veins in hands) - Classical ideals in proportion-emphasis on head and hands (most expressive features) - mixture of Classical and Christian ideals
Lorenzo de MediciMedici's were richest family in Florence,
Neo-Platonismuniverse is 2 realms (physical-mirror of spiritual & spiritual-truth, beauty, and perfection), believed by Michelangelo
*Sistine Chapel ceilingMichelangelo - High Renaissance Art - fresco murals, Chapel is adjacent/connected to St. Peters Basilica - is where pope is elected and where Christian/Catholic services take place - barrel vault, 130 ft long, 43 ft wide - Pope Julius wanted 12 apostles but Michelangelo said no so Julius let him paint whatever he wanted - illusionistic architecture, putti, sibyls, ignudi
puttinaked winged little boys-called Cupid in classical art-called cherub in Christian art
sibylspagan, female seers (oracles), believed to have foretold Jesus' birth -
ignudinude young men, purely decorative, no narrative function -
cornicea horizontally projecting element found at the top of a building wall or pedestal
*Creation of AdamMichelangelo - High Renaissance Art - Sistine Chapel ceiling, first major time God had been represented in art, act of God bringing Adam to life, Adam's pose mirrors God (God made men in his image), Eve is waiting in wings to be born, muscular figures symbolize strength/power
Venice artistsliked oil painting - stands test of time in Venice (fresco doesn't last in humidity)
memorize

 

Question Answer
*Pastoral ConcertGiorgone or Titian - High Renaissance Art - open-ended, suggestive, poetic, no reference to mythology, religion, mystery of what's actually going on - oil painting
Titianbrownish cast to his paintings
*"Venus" of UrbinoTitian - High Renaissance Art - no mythological reference in painting, commissioned by Duke, Duke's 14 year old wife, nude painting - marriage:dog is symbol of fidelity, attendants
*The Garden of Earthly DelightsHieronymus Bosch - High Renaissance Art - altarpiece, triptych, for private home, doesn't make much sense, human sinfulness, Bosch's interpretation of the Bible
*Fall of IcarusPieter Bruegel the Elder - High Renaissance Art
memorize

Section: Baroque Art Ch. 14

Question Answer
Baroque arthigh drama, emotion, grandeur, movement
*The Contarelli ChapelCaravaggio - Baroque Art - tenebrism. Figures emerge from background
Tenebrismviolent, overly dramatic chiaroscuro- dramatic contrast of light and dark
*Las Meninas (Maids of Honor)Diego Velazquez - Baroque Art - linear perspective, viewer included (makes painting baroque), Velazquez looking out at us, mirror reflecting king Phillip and his wife
*Raising of the CrossPeter Paul Rubens - Baroque Art - baroque associated with aristocracy
*Arrival of Marie de' Medici at MarseillesPeter Paul Rubens - Baroque Art - when set first met king Phillip
*Self PortraitRembrandt - Baroque Art - impasto (thick paint)
Impastothickly applied paint that gives the quality of a 3D surface to a painting
*The Night WatchRembrandt - Baroque Art - tenebristic style, militia walking down street in Amsterdam, group portrait
memorize

Section: ID's

Question Answer
292 Double Portrait of Giovanni Arnolfini & his wifeJan Van Eyck - Early Renaissance
297 Merode Altarpiece (Triptych of the Annunciation)Workshop of Master of Flemalle - Early Renaissance
298 Ghent Altarpiece, back panelsJan & Hubert Van Eyck - Early Renaissance - closed
299 Ghent AltarpieceJan & Hubert Van Eyck - Early Renaissance - open
300 The DepositionRogier van der Weyden - Early Renaissance
307 Dome of Florence CathedralFilippo Brunelleschi - Early Renaissance
308 (right side) Sacrifice of IsaacLorenzo Ghiberti - Early Renaissance
311 DavidDonatello - Early Renaissance
314 Delivery of Keys to St. PeterPerugino - Early Renaissance
315 TrinityMasaccio - Early Renaissance
316 Expulsion of Adam & Eve from ParadiseMasaccio - Early Renaissance
317 The Tribute MoneyMasaccio - Early Renaissance
324 Mona LisaLeonardo da Vinci - High Renaissance
327 Vitruvian ManLeonardo da Vinci - High Renaissance
328 The Last SupperLeonardo da Vinci - High Renaissance
329 Madonna of the GoldfinchRaphael - High Renaissance
331 The School of AthensRaphael - High Renaissance
333 PietaMichelangelo - High Renaissance
334 DavidMichelangelo - High Renaissance
335-336 Sistine Chapel ceilingMichelangelo - High Renaissance
337 Creation of AdamMichelangelo - High Renaissance
342 Pastoral ConcertGiorgone or Titian - High Renaissance
345 "Venus" of UrbinoTitian - High Renaissance
361 The Garden of Earthly DelightsHieronymus Bosch - High Renaissance
Fall of IcarusPieter Bruegel the Elder - High Renaissance
377 The Contarelli ChapelCaravaggio - Baroque
381 Las Meninas (Maids of Honor)Diego Velazquez - Baroque
384 Raising of the CrossPeter Paul Rubens - Baroque
389 The Night WatchRembrandt - Baroque
391 Self PortraitRembrandt - Baroque
Arrival of Marie de' Medici at MarseillesPeter Paul Rubens - Baroque
memorize

Section: Reading Quizzes

 

Question Answer
The fifteenth century value placed on science, reason, and the potential of individuals is calledHumanism
TriptychA three-paneled altarpiece
The technique of painting in thin, transparent layers or glazing is unique toOil painting
orthogonalsThe imaginary lines that meet at vanishing points on a horizon in linear perspective
Masaccio's "Trinity" in Santa Maria Novella in Florence is meant to give the illusion of a stone funerary monument and altar table set in a deepAedicula
ChiaroscuroThe gradual transition from highlight to shadow, creating the illusion of three-dimensional forms
In Raphael’s “School of Athens,” Plato is modeled afterLeonardo da Vinci
Pietaa representation of the Virgin Mary supporting and mourning the dead Jesus
HemicyclesSemicircular architectural projections are called
Bosch’s strange “Garden of Earthly Delights” was a painting for aPrivate home
Baroque Artdeliberately evokes intense emotional responses from viewers with dramatically lit, theatrical compositions often combining several media within a single work.
Paintings of inanimate objects are calledstill lifes
tenebrismThe exaggerated and theatrical type of chiaroscuro in which forms emerge from a pervasively dark background
Rembrandt produced paintings and etchings ofmythological subjects, religious scenes, & portraits
In Vermeer’s “Woman Holding a Balance,” the light shimmering off the pearls evokes the _____ theme of the transience of earthly lifevanitas
memorize

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