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Art Appr Test 2

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rosesarered's version from 2016-10-14 07:02

Section: Greek Art

Question Answer
Kritios BoyGreek (Classical) - artists try to enliven stone, make more naturalistic, lifelike - vs. Anavysos Kouros is more defined, soft
Contrappostorepresenting, human figures with opposing alterations of tension and relaxation revolving around a central axis imbuing figures with a sense of potential movement - Italian word meaning counterpoise or “set against” - Greek (Classical)
Riace WarriorGreek (Classical) - bronze w. Ivory bone and glass eyes, silver teeth, copper lips and nipples, 6’ 8”
Spear Bearer/Doryphorosartist Polykleitos - Greek (Classical) - bronze
The Parthenonartists Iktinos and Kallikrates - Greek (Classical) - devoted to goddess Athena (god of war, wisdom, and the arts) - marble structure, Doric order (exterior-no base) and Ionic order (interior-base on columns, capitals that look like scrolls)
Three GoddessesNA - Greek Art (Classical) - from east pediment of the Parthenon marble, over life size
Greek Arthumanistic, sense of movement
Finnian drapery“wet” drapery
Laptih and CentaurNA - Greek Art (Classical) - metope from the Parthenon, life sized
The Battle of Issos (or the Battle of Alexander and the Persians)NA - Greek Art (Hellenistic) - Roman mosaic copy of a Hellenistic Greek painting by Philoxenos of Eretria
Dying Trumpeter (Dying Gaul)NA - Greek Art (Hellenistic) - Roman marble copy after Hellenistic Greek bronze original
Hellenisticmore emotional, dramatic, expressive
Nike of SamothraceNA - Greek Art (Hellenistic) - from sanctuary of the Great Gods, Samothrace
Expressiveappeals to human emotion
memorize

Section: extra Greek Art

Question Answer
Reconstruction Drawing of the AkropolisGreek Art (Classical)
Plan and Exterior View from the Northwest of the ParthenonGreek Art (Classical)
expressionismcharacteristic of Hellenistic art, attempts to elicit a specific emotional response
memorize

Section: Roman Art

Question Answer
Verismconcern for truth to appearances in people's and objects and the faithful reproduction of the immediate visual and tactile appearance of subjects
Aullus MetellusNA - Roman Art - bronze, 5’ 11”, raised hand is sign of intelligence and wisdom, politician - interest in representing old people(old age=wisdom)
Male Patrician and His AncestorsNA - Roman Art
Denarius with Portrait of Julius CaesarNA - Roman Art - silver, 2 cm diameter
Augustus of PrimaportaNA - Roman Art - maybe marble copy of bronze original
Ara Pacis Augustae (Altar of Augustan Peace)NA - Roman Art, marble, 35' wide
Imperial PossessionNA - Roman Art, south frieze on Ara Pacis Augustae, marble, height 5'3"
ColosseumNA - Roman Art - 1st Doric, 2nd Ionic, 3rd Corinthian
arcadeseries of arches
Arch of TitusNA - Roman Art, purely decorative, commemorates military victories, concrete and white marble, 50' high
Sack of JerusalemNA - Roman Art - from Arch of Titus, marble 7'10" high
The PantheonNA - Roman Art, Corinthian order
pantheon"temple to all Roman gods"
basilicalarge enclosed hall built along a horizontal axis
navelarge central hallway or gathering space
aislesside hallways separated from nave by a colonnade (row of columns)
apseround extensions at either end of the basilica
Interior View of the Basilica Ulpra (Forum of Trojan)NA - Roman ARt
Column of TrajanNA - Roman Art, marble, 125' high
Commodes as HerculesNA - Roman Art
The TetrachsNA - Roman Art, more angular, strict, severe, emphasizes power and authority
Basilica of Maxentius and ConstantineNA - Roman Art
Constantine the GreatNA - Roman Art, marble, over 8 ft tall
Arch of ConstantineNA - Roman Art, triumphal arch of Constantine's victory over Maxentius
Menorahs and Ark of the CovenantNA - Roman Art (Jewish), Jewish catacomb and Jewish Art found in Rome
memorize

Section: Jewish, Early Christian, & Byzantine Art

Question Answer
Wall with Torah Nice from a House-SynagogueNA - Roman Art (Jewish) - Dura-Europas
nichea hollow or recess in a wall or other solid architecture elements. of varying sizes and shapes, it can be used to house sacred objects, sculptures, or tombs, among other things
iconic imagespictures that express or embody an intangible idea or concept
Cubiculum of LeonisNA - Roman Art (Early Christian)
The Good ShepherdNA - Roman Art (Early Christian) - marble
Early Christian Artuses narratives and iconic images to tell a story, instruct, and inspire
haloshows importance and divine status
Sarcophagus of Junius BassiusRoman Art (Early Christian) - high relief sculpture, 2 registers
memorize

what them two sent me

Question Answer
Reconstruction of Old St. Peter's BasilicaNA - Roman Art
Emperor Justinian & His AttendantsNA - Byzantine Art
Empress Theodora & Her AttendantsNA - Byzantine Art
Church of Hagia SophiaNA - Byzantine Art
Manuscript page w. Rebekah at the WellNA - Byzantine Art
Virgin & Child w. Saints & AngelsNA - Byzantine Art
memorize

Section: Islamic Art

Question Answer
Iconoclasmthe prohibition and destruction of works of art because they are considered inappropriate in religious contexts
Islammeans "submission to God's will"
Dome of the RockNA - Islamic Art, Jerusalem, arabesque, shrine not a place of worship, decorated surfaces are meant to free the mind
Great MosqueNA - Islamic Art, Cordoba, Spain
Prayer Hall of the Great MosqueNA - Islamic Art
Quibladirection of Mecca
mihrabniche in Quibla Wall
minaretprayer tower
Hypo-Style Hallhall composed of closely arranged columns that support the ceiling
Page from Qur'anNA - Islamic Art
Plate w. Kufic BorderNA - Islamic Art, calligraphy
Sinan (Sultan Selim Mosque)NA - Islamic Art
memorize

Section: Early Asian Art

Question Answer
Lion CapitalNA - Buddhist Art, India
memorize

Section: extra Early Asian Art

Question Answer
terracottafigures stood in battle array guarding his tomb to defend emperor through eternity
Buddhismdeveloped from teachings of Shakyyamuni Buddha
Buddhameans "enlightened one"
Four Noble Truths of Buddhism1) life is suffering 2) this suffering has a cause, which is ignorance and desire 3) ignorance and desire can be overcome and extinguished 4) by following the eightfold path
bodhisattvassaintly beings on the brink of buddhahood who've vowed to help others become buddhas before finally accomplishing it for themselves
memorize

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