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Art Appr Quiz #1 MERAMEC

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rosesarered's version from 2016-09-15 19:27

8/24/16

Question Answer
ArtObject of luxury
Jackson Pollock Painted self expression
High artIn museums
Low artFor modern/common people
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Prehistoric Age in Europe pt.1

Question Answer
BCEBefore the Common Era
Prehistoric Art in Europe ERAPeriod in human history before written language or written historical records
Wall Painting w. Horses, Oxem, and Rhinoceros (ID)NA - Prehistoric Art in Europe
Paleolithic Architecture(old Stone Age) nomadic tribes of hunters gatherers who moved seasonally in search of resources
Neolithic Architecture(new Stone Age) organized agriculture, controlled livestock, and year-round settlements
Paintcombination of pigment (color) and liquid vehicle (means of application)
Prehistoric cave paintingground earth or clay, charcoal, burnt bones (pigment) plus water, vegetable juice, urine, animal fat, bone marrow, blood
Artists tried to bring art to life2D > 3D
Hall of Bulls (ID)NA - Prehistoric Age in Europe - decorative (aesthetic), ceremonial images of devotion for animals (spiritual), used to instruct young hunters on animal behavior to show respect for prey, ceremonial sites of induction for young hunters, burial sites
Bird-Headed Man w. Bison (ID)NA - Prehistoric Age in Europe
Carvingto cut from hard material
Sculpture in the round3D sculpture that is carved free of any background or block
Stylizedover exaggerated
Woman of Willendorf (ID)NA - Prehistoric Age in Europe - symbols of female health and fertility, care giver and life giver - representation of ideal womanhood, precious object that they carry (example of sculpture in the round)
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pt.2

Question Answer
Megalithic Architecture(large stone) tombs and ceremonial structures
Post & Lintel systemstrong, horizontal elements (lintel) held up,by vertical elements (post) with large spaces between them
Stonehenge (ID)NA - Prehistoric Age in Europe - most famous and complex example of megalithic architecture (post-and-lintel system)
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Art of the Ancient Near East

Question Answer
Art of the Ancient Near Eastmajor agricultural shifts, time of great political upheaval, industrialization - Sumeria, Akkadian, Babylon - "cradle of civilization"
Pictographsimple, schematic pictures that represent a thing or concept
Cuneiform(wedge-shaped) earliest form of writing based on an alphabet
Culture/-/ the ability to communicate
Zigguratstepped pyramid structures based on a series of raised platforms holding a temple at the top
Nanna Ziggurat at Ur, Sumerian (ID)NA - Art of the Ancient Near East - devoted to moon God Nanna (god of agriculture)
Votive Statues, Sumerian (ID)NA - Art of the Ancient Near East
Stele of Naram-Sin (ID)NA - Art of the Ancient Near East (relief sculpture)
Stelelarge stone slab with carved inscriptions or pictures
Relief structureultra image carved away from a background to a certain depth (called hi or low depending on the depth)
Hierarchic scaleuse of difference in size to indicate relative importance
Symbolimages that stand for an idea, object, belief, or action
Stele of Hammurabai, Babylonian (ID)NA - Art of the Ancient Near East- made of diorite (relief carving, cuneiform script Hammurabi's law of code)
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Chapter 3 Quiz questions

Question Answer
Palette of Narmer took form ofan object to grind and prepare eye makeup
The Great Pyramids at Giza were built by and forPharoahs: Menkaure, Khafre, Khufu
3D sculpted figures of royalty that were rigid and frontal symbolizeddignity, calm, and permanence
ColonnadeRow of columns
Akhenaten was famous forfounding a religion that worshipped one God
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Chapter 5 Quiz questions

Question Answer
Cyclopeanname of large stone masonry used by Myceneans in citadels and tombs
3 Greek architectural orders areDoric, Ionic, Corinthians
Kouroinude sculptures
Koraiclothed sculptures
Contrappostothe invention of presenting standing figures with opposing alterations of tension and relaxation around a central axis
Parthenonis dedicated tothe god Athena
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