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Army History

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Updated 2007-06-06 23:37

Summary

Army History Board Prep FlashCards. This will help you study for the board. Content was borrowed from ArmyStudyGuide.com and turned into flashcards.

Army History

QuestionsAnswers
What date was the Army flag dedicated?14 June 1956 (it was approved 12 June 1956)
What is the oldest part of our Army?The Army National Guard (In December 1636, the Massachusetts Bay Colony organized America's first militia regiments, some of which still serve today in the Army National Guard.)
When did the U.S. Army begin?June 14, 1775
Who was the first commander in Chief of the Continental Army?George Washington
When was the start of the Revolutionary War?19 April, 1775
When was the Declaration of Independence signed?July 04, 1776
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Question Answer
The Army received it's first real training from what former Prussian Officer at Valley Forge in the winter of 1778?Baron Fredreich von Steuben
On what date did the Revolutionary War officially end with a signing of a peace treaty in Paris?03 September 1783
What is the name of the document that originally governed the United States and was later replaced by the "Constitution"?The Articles of Confederation
The nation nearly doubled in 1803 when it purchased a huge expanse of territory from France in what became known as what?The Louisiana Purchase
Who was one of the most prolific writers of the early 19th century and would be the author of "The Army Regulations of 1821", the first written regulation by the Army since the publication of Baron von Steubens "Blue Book"?General Winfield Scott
What is the bloodiest war in American history?The Civil War (with the death of over 600,000 Americans on both sides)
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Question Answer
When and where did the Civil War actually begin?in April of 1861 (when South Carolina militia forces fired on Fort Sumter) in Charleston Harbor
The Union defeat at the First Battle of Bull Run showed the need for more what?More thorough preparation and for more soldiers.
President Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamation on 22 September 1862 freed the slaves in any areas still under Confederate control as of what date?01 January 1863.
Congress authorized the creation of the Medal of Honor on what date?12 July 1862.
Who received the first Medal of Honor ever awarded?Private Jacob Parrott (Company K, 33d OhioVolunteer Infantry on 25 March 1863)
The Battle of Gettysburg started on what date?01 July 1863
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Question Answer
General Lee surrendered his Army on what date, marking the end of the Civil War?09 april, 1865
Who was the only female to receive the Medal of Honor?Dr. Mary E. Walker
Congress declared war on Spain on what date?25 april, 1898
When did World War I begin?August 1914
What event sparked the start of World War I?A Bosnian separatist murdered the Archduke Francis Ferdinand of Austria-Hungary (and his wife during a visit to Sarajevo)
On 23 February 1917 the British turned over to the US Government an intercepted note from the German foreign minister to the German ambassador in Mexico. In the note were instructions to offer Mexico an alliance in the event of war with the United States and promising that Mexico could regain what?Texas, New Mexico and Arizona
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