archiebw's version from 2016-05-18 16:38


Question Answer
When was Aristotle born?384 BCE
When did Aristotle die?322 BCE
Which two aspects of Aristotle am I expected to know?His theory of cause and purpose (and their relation to ‘God’), and his concept of the distinction between body and soul.
Aristotle focussed on the development of what into what?Potentiality and actuality, respectively.
What are his Four Causes called?The Material Cause, the Formal Cause, the Efficient Cause and the Final Cause.
How does a thing become 'good'?By achieving its telos.
Into what two types of matter did Aristotle divide the Material Cause, what does the former mean, and what is necessary to note in regards to it?Prime matter and proximate matter. Matter that does not have any properties. Aristotle didn't believe this actually existed.
What is his first catergorisation of substance?That which is evident but will decay or die.
What is his second catergorisation of substance?That which is evident but will not decay or die.
What is his third catergorisation of substance?That which is immune from change .
Which two types of substances are caused to change by the Four Causes?That which is evident but will decay or die, and that which is evident but will not decay or die.
Aristotle calls his equivalent of God the common ...The common source of substance.


Question Answer
Which two people would agree with the statement that the Universe is nothing more than a 'brute fact', and who said this?Albert Camus and Jean Paul-Sartre, and Bertrand Russell.
Name two things that don't fit into the Four Causes.Things that occur by chance and emotions.
What is a strength of Aristotle's theory on matter?It allows scientific and religious explanations to be compatible.


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What does Aristotle say necessarily exists within time?Something which is likewise not subject to change, decay or death.
Which two antitheses does Aristotle use to back up his point of an eternal substance?Potentiality and actuality.
Which Cause is the Eternal Substance?An efficient cause.
Why could Plato's eternal Forms, in contrast, not be Efficient Causes?Because they are just ideas and therefore inert.
What is the Prime Mover called that parallels the God from classical theism?The ‘supreme object of desire’ i.e. the best thing ever.
Why is the Prime Mover's nature good?A lack of goodness implies a thing can be better, meaning it can change.
In 'Metaphysics', what does Aristotle explicitly say the Prime Mover is?God.
In what sense did Aristotle mean the word 'motion'?Like the Latin word 'motus', just meaning change.
What did Aristotle say about the Prime Mover which could undermine his material and empiricist approach?That the Prime Mover was 'pure thought'.
What analogy does Aristotle use to describe the way in which the Prime Mover leads to movement?The Prime Mover acts like the action of being loved.


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Fundamentally, how does Aristotle differ from Plato in his theory of the soul?He thinks the soul and body are inseparable.
What did Aristotle say to illustrate his belief of the relationship between the soul and the body? (QUOTE)'It seems indeed to be the case that with most affections, the soul undergoes or produces none of them without the body- being angry, for instance.'
What are the body and soul alternatively called by Aristotle?The 'material' and the 'rationale', respectively.
Out of the Four Causes, which does the soul constitute for the body?The Efficient Cause, the Formal Cause and the Final Cause.
In Aristotle's analogy, as what are the soul and body symbolised?Oarsmen and a boat, respectively.
What might we call what Aristotle and Plato call the soul today?The mind.
How do the views of Aristotle mirror modern psychology?He speaks of a rational and an irrational part of the soul.
What are two complicated adjectives for the irrational part of the soul?Desiderative and vegetative.


Question Answer
What Christian theory did Aristotle influence?Transubstantiation.

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