Arianna Zamorano - Mediveal Europe Vocabulary

arizam's version from 2016-05-26 14:23

Section 1

Question Answer
Eurasiathe large landmass that includes Europe and Asia
Topagraphythe shape and elevation of the land in a region
Middle Ages the period listing from about 500 to about 1500
Medivealanother name fort he middle ages
Saint Patrick Christain missionary credited with converting Ireland to Christianity
Monksreligious men who lived apart from society in isolated communities
Saint Benedict monk responsible for creating the Benedictine ruler a code prescribing a monks behavior
Charlemagnewarrior and king who led the Frank's in building a huge empire

Section 2

Question Answer
Knights warriors who fought on horseback
Vassal a knight who agrees to protect and serve a lord in exchange for land
Feudalismthe system that governs the relationship between lords and vassal
William the conquer French noble who conquered England and spread feudalism
Manorlarge estate owned by a knight or lord
Serfsworkers who were tied to the land on which they lived
Eleanor of Aquitaine powerful French noblewomen who became queen of France and England
Chivalry code of honarable behavior for European knights
Haikushort poems ,with on,y three lines and 17 syllables,that usually describe nature themes

Section 3

Question Answer
Excommunicate casting an affected out of the church
Pope gregoryVIIpope who excommunicate emperor Henry VII
Emperor Henry VIIHoly roman ruler who challenged pope Gregory VII
Crusadesa long series of wars fought between Christians and Muslims over control of palestine
Holy landthe European name for Palestine ,the region where Jesus had lived
Pope urban IIhead of the Roman Catholic Church who started the crusades
King Richard IEnglish King who led the third ,ill fated crusade to seize palestine
SaledinTurkish leader of the Muslim forces that prevented England from taking palestine

Section 4

Question Answer
Clergy church officials
Religious order group of people who dedicate their lives to religion and follow common rules
Francis of Assisifounder of the Franciscan order
Frairsmembers of religious orders who lived and worked among the general public
Thomas Aquinasphilosopher who showed how religious faith and reason could co exist
Natural lawThomas Aquinas concept that God created a law that governed how the world operated
Manga cartadocument written by English nobles and signed by King John listing rights the king could not ignore
Parliamentlawmaking body that governs England
Hundred years warlong standing conflict between England and France during the 1300 and 1400
Joan of arc teenage peasant girl who railed the French troops and turned the tide of the hundred year war
Black deathdeadly plaque that killed millions of European between 1347 and 1351

Section 5

Question Answer
Heresyreligious ideas that oppose accepted church teachings
ReconquistaChristain efforts to retake Spain from the Muslim moors
King ferdinandAragon price who married Isabella of Castile to rule a United spain
Queen IsabellaCastilian princess who ruled Spain with her husband ,Ferdinand of aragon
Spanish Inquisition organization of priests charged with seeking out and punishing non christains
Marco PoloEuropean explorer who traveled through Asia in the 1200
Cosmo de mediciwealthy banker who turned Florence into a center of arts,culture,and education
Renaissance period following the Middle Ages ,characterized by renewed interest in Greek and Roman Currie and an emphasis on secular rather than religious matters

Section 6