Arabic Grammar Al-Kitab

kaleboye's version from 2016-05-11 20:49


Question Answer
How do you distinguish between human nouns and inanimate objects?nouns have own gender --> no it, but hiya or huwa
what does the nisba adjectivve usually indicate?origin or affiliation
How do you form the nisba?1. remove tarmabuta, 2. remove al- 3. add y or ya
How are Arabic names usually constructed? Give two ways1. first given name 2. then father's first name and 3. family name, or b) 1. given name, 2. father's name, 3. paternal grandpa's first name
What does al indicate and how is it used?all words with al are definite, but also abstract and generic concepts like literature are expessed as definite nouns (literature)
What categories of nouns take the human sound masculine plural?1. most nisba adjectives (araby exception) 2. nouns and adejectives referring to people 3. adjectives whose singular ends in An
How are nonhuman plurals treated in MSA?they take deminine singular agreement: al-umam al-mutahida
What do you have to keep in mind when constructing iDaafas?-only the final word can take the al-, the first word is definite by definition, possessive pronoun can only occur on final noun
what are the possessive pronouns?y, ka, ki, hu, hA, nA, kum, hum
What are the object pronouns?me= ny, you m= ak, you f=ik, him, it= uh, her, it, them (non-human)= hA; us= nA, you (pl)= kum, them=un
al-Saff saRIr means? Sentence or phrase? (al+ no al)the class is small, sentence
al-saff al-SaRIr means? sentence or phrase? (al+al)the small class, phrase
saff SaRIr means? sentence or phrase? (no al+ no al)a small class, phrase
What happens to the adjective that modifies the noun with a possessive suffix?must take al and also be made definite --> possessive suffixes always make nouns definite wihtout al
hadhihi plus noun without al + noun without al?sentence: hadhihi madina kabIra --> This is a large city
hadhihi plus al-noun+al-noun ?phrase: hadhihi al-madina al-kabira --> this beautiful city
adverbs: Where can you put them?tend to follow verb but can also follow object or come at the end of the sentence