APWH- Ways of the World chapter 22

mogofusu's version from 2016-03-11 02:43


This page helps you learn vocab terms


Question Answer
Berlin WallConstructed by East German authorities in 1961 to seal off East Berlin from the West; it was breached on November 9, 1989.
BolsheviksRussian revolutionary party led by Vladimir Lenin and later renamed the Communist Party; the name means "the majority."
Building SocialismEuphemistic expression for the often-forcible transformation of society ,when a communist regime came to power in a state.
Castro, FidelRevolutionary leader of Cuba from 1959 to 2008 who gradually turned to Soviet communism and engendered some of the worst crises of the cold war; brother Raul now leads Cuba.
Chinese RevolutionLong revolutionary process in the period 1912-1949 that began with the overthrow of the Chinese imperial system and ended with the triumph of the Communist party under the leadership of Mao Zedong.
Cold WarPolitical and ideological state of near-war between the Western world and the communist world that lasted from 1946 to 1991.
CollectivizationProcess of rural reform undertaken by the communist leadership of both the USSR and China in which private property rights were abolished and peasants were forced onto larger and more industrialized farms to work and share the proceeds as a community rather than as individuals.
Great Leap ForwardMajor Chinese initiative (1958-60) led by Mao Zedong that was intended to promote small-scale industrialization and increase knowledge of technology; in reality, it caused a major crisis and exacerbated the impact of a devastating famine.
Cuban Missile Crisis(1962) Soviets established a missile facility in Cuba, 90 mi of U.S. soil; once discovered JFK sends a naval blockade to stop USSR shipments to the island; diplomacy follows and a backroom deal is made; considered the closest world has come to a nuclear war.
Cultural RevolutionMassive proletarian campaign launched by Mao Zedong in the mid-1960s to combat the capitalistic tendencies that he believed reached into even the highest ranks of the Communist Party; the campaign threw China into chaos.
Deng XiaopingLeader of china from 1976 to 1997 whose reforms essentially dismantled the communist elements of the Chinese economy.
GlasnostMikhail Gorbachev's policy of "openness," which allowed greater cultural and intellectual freedom and ended most censorship of the media; the result was a burst of awareness of the problems and corruption of the Soviet system.
Gorbachev, MikhailLeader of the Soviet Union from 1985 to 1991 whose efforts to reform the USSR led to its collapse
Bay of Pigs(1961) Attempt by Cuban exiles to overthrow communist Castro; failed after promise of U.S. air strikes failed to support ground forces.
Great Proletarian RevolutionChairman Mao's effort in the mid-1960s to weed out capitalistic tendencies that he believed had developed in China.
Great PurgesAlso called the Terror, late 1930s were a massive attempt to cleanse the Soviet Union of supposed "enemies of the people"; nearly a million people were executed between 1936 and 1941, and 4 million of 5 million more were sentenced to forced labor in the gulag
GulagAcronym for the Soviet Union government agency that administered forced labor camps.
Guomindangthe Chinese Nationalist Party led by Chiang Kai-shek from 1928 until its overthrow by the communists in 1949.
Khrushchev, NikitaLeader of the Soviet Union from 1953 to 1964
Lenin Adopted name of Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov (1870-1924), the main leader ofRussia's communist revolution and the head of the Soviet state from 1917 until his death.
Mao ZedongChairman of China's Communist Party and de facto ruler of China from 1949 until his death in 1976.
PerestroikaBold economic program launched in 1987 by Mikhail Gorbachev with the intention of freeing up Soviet industry and businesses.
Russian RevolutionMassive revolutionary upheaval in 1917 that overthrew the Romanov dynasty in Russia and ended with the seizure of power by communists under the leadership of Lenin.
StalinName assumed by Joseph Vissarionaovich Jugashvili (1878-1953), leader of the Soviet Union from 1924 until his death; name means "made of steel."
Warsaw PactMilitary alliance of the USSR and the communist states of Eastern Europe during the Cold War