APUSH Slavery and Sectionalism 1845-1860

sgrover's version from 2015-04-13 23:32


Question Answer
Nat Turner's Rebellion Nat Turner led a slave rebellion in Virginia, attacked many whites, prompted non-slaveholding Virginians to consider emancipation
Yeoman Farmers family farmers who hired out slaves for the harvest season, self-sufficient, participated in local markets alongside slave owners
Underground Railroad network of safe houses of white abolitionists used to bring slaves to freedom
Harriet Tubman worked alongside Josiah Henson to make repeated trips to get slaves out of the South into freedom
Wage slaves northern factory workers who were discarded when too old to work (unlike the slaves who were still kept fed and clothed in their old age)
Nativism anti-immigrant, especially against Irish Catholics
The Alamo Mexicans held siege on the Alamo (in San Antonio), Texans lost great number of people, "Remember the Alamo"
Stephen Austin American who settled in Texas, one of the leaders for Texan independence from Mexico
James K. Polk dark horse Democratic candidate; acquired majority of the western US (Mexican Cession, Texas Annexation, Oregon Country), lowered tariffs, created Independent Treasury
Oregon and "Fifty-four Forty or Fight!" Oregon Territory owned jointly with Britain, Polk severed its tie to Britain, forced to settle for compromise south of 49° rather than 54°40'
Manifest Destiny stated the United States was destined to span the breadth of the entire continent with as much land as possible, advocated by Polk
Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo acquired Mexican Cession (future California, Arizona, and New Mexico); Mexico acknowledged American annexation of Texas
Wilmot Proviso slavery to be barred in all territory ceded from Mexico; never fully passed Congress
California Gold Rush gold discovery in Sutter's Mill in 1848 resulted in huge mass of adventurers in 1849, led to application for statehood, opened question of slavery in the West