APUSH Important Legislation

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Section 1

Question Answer
1660-1696 - Navigation ActsPassed by Parliament; ensuringg the colonies would remain profitable for britain.
1763 - Proclamation of 1763Forbid American colonists from settling west of the Appalachian Mtns. Intended to stop conflicts with Indians
1764 - Currency ActStatute didn't prohibit colonists from issuing paper money but did prohibit them from designating future currency emissions as legal tender for public or private debts.
1765 - Stamp ActTaxing virtually all printed materials; 1st direct tax
1766 - Declaratory ActAsserted parliaments right to make laws governing the colonies

Section 2

Question Answer
1773 - Tea ActHelped British East India Co. avoid bankruptcy to save taxes going to gov't. Gave monopoly to British East India Co.- sell tea cheaper
1785 - Land Ordinance of 1785Passed by Confederation Congress to provide for survey and sale of public land
1787 - Northwest OrdinanceEstablished a gov't for NW territory and described rules for territories to become states
1791 - Bank ActEstablished bank of United States; chartered for 20 years
1798 - Alien and Sedition ActRestricted rights of immigrants and freedoms of speech and the press

Section 3

Question Answer
1820 - Missouri CompromisePreserved balance in Congress between free and slave states by admitting Missouri as a slave state and Maine as a free state; prohibited slavery North of Missouri
1828 - Tariff of AbominationsProtected American industry, mostly in the North, from competing with inexpensive British goods; prompted Calhoun's nullification theory
1830 - Indian Removal ActIndians East of the Mississippi River were to be moved to new lands in the West
1850 - Compromise of 1850Allowed California to enter union as free state; divided rest of Mexican Cession into 2 territories where slavery was decided by popular soverignty
1850 - Fugitive Slave ActFugitive slaves had to be returned to their owners; they couldnt have a trial by jury; heavy penalty for anyone who helped escaped slave

Section 4

Question Answer
1854 - Kansas-Nebraska ActRepealed Missouri Compromise and allowed Kansas and Nebraska residents to decide whether to allow slavery
1861-1978 - Revenue ActImposed an income tax to be levied, collected, and paid upon the annual income of every person residing in the U.S whether such income is derived from any property, or from any profession, trade, employment, or vocation carried on in the U.S. or elsewhere, or from any other source
1862 - Conscription ActDraft; all men between 20 and 45 liable for military service enacted; $soo to hire substitute
1862 - Homestead ActOffered 100 acres of free land to anyone who was willing too farm it for 5 years
1863-1864 - National Bank ActsEstablished system of nationally chartered banks and required the currency issued by them to be backed by gov't securities; subsequently amended to also require the taxation of state currencies. Created uniform national currency

Section 5

Question Answer
1865,1866 - Freedman's Bureau ActExpands bureaus power to prosecute violations of African-Americans civil liberties; empowered to construct schools and pay teachers
1866 - Civil Rights Act of 1866Declared everyone born in the U.S. to be a citizen and entitled to equal rights regardless of race
1867 - Reconstruction ActsKnown as Radical Reconstruction; imposed military control of southern states and said that they had to ratify the 14th amendment and allow former slaves to vote
1882 - Chinese Exclusion Act1st significant law restricting immigration into the U.S.; provided an absolute 10 year moratorium on labor immigration of 1 ethnic group
1883 - Pendeleton ActsGov't service based on merit rather than patronage

Section 6

Question Answer
1887 - Dawes Severality ActSplit up Indian reservations and promised them citiznship
1887 - Interstate Commerce ActEstablished Interstate Commerce Commission (ICC) designed to regulate rates chared by railroads
1890 - Morrill Land Grant ActAgricultural College Act; sets aside public land for endowing agricultural collleges
1890 - Sherman Antitrust Act1st attempt by federal gov't to regulate corporations and break up monopolies; hard to enforce; sometimes used to limit labor union activity
1890 - Silver Purchase ActThe measure didn't authorize the free and unlimited coinage of silver that the Free Silver supporters wanted; however it increased the amount of silver the gov't was required to purchase on a recurrent monthly basis to 4.5 million ounces

Section 7

Question Answer
1900 - Gold Standard Act of 1900(Currency Act)Formally put U.S. on the gold Standard; epic political battle over monetary policy in the U.S. Also reflected age-old debate over whether gold or silver should control monetary measurements; all forms of moneyissued or coined by the U.S. shall be maintained at a parity value with this standard and it shall be the duty of the Secratary of the Treasury to maintain such parity
1902 - Newlands National Reclamation ActFunded irrigation projects for the arid lands of 20 states in the American west
1903 - Elkins ActAmended the Interstate Commerce Act of 1887; authorized ICC to impose heave fines on railroads that offered rebates, and upon the shippers that accepted these rebates. The railroad companies weren't permited to offer rebates; made liable for for discriminatory practices
1903 - Platt AmendmentTreaty of Relation; Part of Cuban constitution drafted under supervision of the U.S. that limited Cuba's rights to make treaties; gave us right to intervene
1906 - Hepburn ActLaw gave ICC the power to set maximum railroad rates and extend its jurisdiction

Section 8

Question Answer
1906 - Meat Inspection ActMandates improvements in the sanitary conditions at meat packing plants and their enforcement through federal inspections
1906 - Pure Food & Drug ActProhibits sale of impure food and drugs and requires that food labels include content
1913 - Federal Reserve ActEstablished a partnership of gov't owned and private banking interests to ensure a stable banking system and currency
1914 - Clayton Antitrust ActClearly define limits on rights of corporations;strengthened Sherman Antitrust Act
1916 - Keating-Owen(Child Labor) ActShort-lived statute enacted by the U.S. Congress which sought to adress child labor by prohibiting the sale in interstate commerce of goods produced by factories that employed childen under the age of 14, mines that employed children under 16 worked at night or more than 8 hours daily

Section 9

Question Answer
1917 - Espionage Act of 1917Ammended numerous times over the years; intended to prohibit interference with military operationsor recruitment, to prevent insubordination in the military, and to prevent the support of U.S. enemies during war
1917-1971 - Selective Service ActDraft; all men betweem 20 and 45 liable for military service enacted; $300 to hire substitute; enacted for U.S. entry into war
1921,1924 - Emergency Quota ActLimited numbers of immigrants; discriminated against Eastern and Southern Europeans; outlawed Japanese immigration
1921 - Sheppard-Towner ActPromotion of the welfare and hygeine of Maternity and Infancy Act; provided fderal funding for maternity and child care
1928 - Kellog-Briand PactAgreement where 64 nations agreed to renounce war as a means of settling international disputes

Section 10

Question Answer
1933 - Agricultural Adjustment ActProtected farmers from price drops providing crop subsidies to reduce production, educational programs to teach methods of preventing soil errosion
1933 - Emergency Banking ActThis act allows only Federal Reserve-approved banks to operate in the U.S.
1933 - Glass-Stegall ActCreated FDIC
1933 - National Indusstrial Recovery ActCreated NRA to enforce codes of fair competition, minimum wages, and to prmit collective bargaining of workers
1934 - Indian Reorginization ActIndian New Deal; U.S fedderal legislation that secured certain rights to Native Americans. Allowed them to manage their own assets and created sound economic foundation for reservationss

Section 11

Question Answer
1934 - Securities Exchange ActRegulated stock market and restricted margain buying
1935 - National Labor Relations(Wagner) ActEstablished National Labor Relations Board; defined unfairlabor practices; allowed workers to join unions and outlawed the union-busting tactics used by management
1935 - Social Security ActSocial welfare program; retirement and unemployment insurance
1936-1937 - Neutrality ActsPassed in response to the growing turmoil in Europe and Asia that eventually led to WWII. Were spurred by the growth in isolationism and non-interveentionism in the U.S. after its costly involvement in WWI, and sought to ensure the US wouldn't end up in foreign conflicts
1936 - Soil Conservaions & Domestic Alottment ActAllowed the gov't to pay farmers to reduce production to conserve soil and prevent erosion

Section 12

Question Answer
1938 - Fair Labor Standards ActStandardized Minimum wage and maximum workweek; outlawed factory work for children under 16
1940 - Smith ActAlien Registration Act of 1940; set criminal penalties for advocating the overthrow off the US gov't and required all non-citizen adults too register with the gov't
1941 - Lend-Lease ActEnables US to furnish war supplies to Britain and other aallies whose defense is defined as vital to US
1944 - GI Billl of RightsEducation benefits, unemployment insurance, low interest loans
1947 - Labor Management Relations(Taft-Harley) ActLimited labor union rights and emphasized workers' right not to join a union o participate in other union activities

Section 13

Question Answer
1947 - National Security act of 1947Major restructuring of the US gov'ts military and inteligence agencies after WWII; creation of Department of Defense in 1949
1950 - McCarran Internal Security Act 1950Enacted over presidental veto; Required Communist orginizations to register with the US Attorney General and established the Subversive Activities Control Board to investigate persons suspected of engaging in subersive activities or otherwise promoting the establishment of a "totalitarian dictatorship" either facist or communnist
1956 - Federal Highway ActNational Interstate and Defense Highway Act; authorization of $25 billion for the construction of 41,000 miles of the Interstate Highway System supposedly over a 10 year period, largest public works project in American history through that time
1957 - Civil RIghts Act of 19571st since reconstruction; empowered federal gov't to enforce desegregation and voting rights
1958 - National Defense Education ActProvides funds to strengthen science, math, and modern language education and creates a federal low-interest student loan program

Section 14

Question Answer
1964 - Civil Rights Act of 1964Prohibited discrimination based on race, religion, national orgin, or gender; equal access to public facilities
1965 - Elementary & Seccondary Education ActPart of "war on poverty"; mostfar-reaching federal legislation affecting education ever passed by congress. Extensive statute that funds primary and secondaye education, while explicitly forbiding the establishment of a national curriculum
1965 - Immingration ActEliminated quotas established in 1924; opened Asian immigration
1965 - Voting rights Act oof 1965Ended literacy tests, allowed federal officials to register votes
1968 - Civil Rights Act of 1968Prevented discrimination in housing; stronger anti-lynching laws

Section 15

Question Answer
1968 - Fair Housing ActTitle VIII of the Civil Rights Act of 1968; Forbids discrimination in the sale or rental of housing
1968 - Indian Civil Rights ActExtends protections of the Constitution and Bill of Rights to all Native Americans
1970,1990 - Clean Air ActCongress orders the automobile industry to decrease pollution produced by new cars, toxic substances
1970 - Environmental Protection AgencyOversees all aspects of pollution conttrol
1972 - Equal Rights AmmendmentIntended to strenghten equality for women; 3 states short of ratification

Section 16

Question Answer
1972 - Indian Education ActAlso Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act(1975); greater power given to tribes for self-gov't and education
1973 - War Powers ActLimits presidental autonomy in commiting US troops abroad
1974 - Equal Opportunity ActProhibits discrimination against faculty, staff, and students, includingg racial segregation of students, and requires school districts to take action to overcome barriers to students' equal participation
1974 - Privacy ActAct requires federal agencies to give individuals any information in their files about them and to correct incorrect records
1980 - Refugee ActReformed United States immigration law and admitted refugees on systematic basis for humanitarian reasons

Section 17

Question Answer
1990 - Americans w/ Disabilities ActProhibits Discrimination based on disability in employment, public accommodation, and public services and requires that facilities be made accessible to all people
1996 - Telecommunications ActIntended to increase competition by allowing communications companies to be in multiple businesses and to own multiple TV and radio stations
1996 - Welfare Reform LegislationsLimited welfare benefits and required most recipients to get jobs
1996 - Welfare ReformPersonal Responsibility & Work Opportunity Act; federal law considered to be a fundamental shift in both the method and and goal of federal cash assistance to the poor. The bill added a workforce development component to welfare legislation, encouraging employment among the poor
2001 - Patriot ActThe title of this act is a ten-letter acronym (USA PATRIOT) that stands for Uniting and Strengthening America by Providing Appropriate Tools Required to Intercept and Obstruct Terrorism Act of 2001.; Obama signed the PATRIOT Sunsets Extension Act of 2011,[2] a 4 year extension of 3 key provisions in the USA PATRIOT Act:[3] roving wiretaps, searches of business records (the "library records provision"), and conducting surveillance of "lone wolves" individuals suspected of terrorist-related activities not linked to any terrorist groups


APUSH Important Tariffs