Applied ethics Abortion and right to a child

opticlops's version from 2015-04-14 14:08

Section 1

Question Answer
what are sanctitiy of life arguments common withinChristian tradition
What does a strong S.O.L view dodefends notion fiercely against humanistic or utilitarian attempts to dilute it
How may SOL people refer to themselves as?Pro-Life
How to pro-life people / SOL people view any form of taking of life a life is a life and nothing can justify its termination
Genesis 1:27 why we have sancitiy of life"God created humanity in God’s own image, in the divine image God created them, male and female God created them" - we are set apart from other creatures, we have an almost divine spark
What does John 1:14 reaffirm?"The Word became flesh and made his home among us. We have seen his glory, glory like that of a father’s only son, full of grace and truth."- Incarnation of Word of God in Jesus Christ reaffirms sanctity of human life.
What does Job 1:21 teach us? God = author of life and one who determines human destiny. (Job 1:21 – “The Lord gives and the Lord takes away…”) God is a providential God who has active role in universe including outworking of human lives
Job 1:21He said: “Naked I came from my mother’s womb; naked I will return there. The Lord has given; the Lord has taken; bless the Lord’s name.”
What does Deuteronomy 30:19 and Exodus 20:13 teach about taking life?Command to “choose life” (Deut 30:19) and not to take life (Exodus 20:13) runs throughout Bible. Choosing life seen as way of honouring God and his creation
Deuteronomy 30:19I call heaven and earth as my witnesses against you right now: I have set life and death, blessing and curse before you. Now choose life—so that you and your descendants will live—
Exodus 20:13Thou shalt not kill

Section 2

Question Answer
What does Genesis 2:7 say about when a man becomes living? After God formed man in Genesis 2:7, He “breathed into his nostrils the breath of life and it was then that the man became a living being”. Although the man was fully formed by God in all respects, he was not a living being until after taking his first breath
Ezekiel 37:5-6 supporting man becoming human when he breathes “Thus says the Lord God to these bones: Behold, I will cause breath to enter you, and you shall live. And I will lay sinews upon you, and will cause flesh to come upon you, and cover you with skin, and put breath in you, and you shall live; and you shall know that I am the Lord.”
What does Exodus 21:22-23 state? "When people who are fighting injure a pregnant woman so that she has a miscarriage but no other injury occurs, then the guilty party will be fined what the woman’s husband demands, as negotiated with the judges. If there is further injury, then you will give a life for a life"
what can be argued through Exodus 21:22-23 It should be apparent from this that the aborted fetus is not considered a living human being since the resulting punishment for the abortion is nothing more than a fine; it is not classified by the bible as a capital offense.
What else can be seen through Exodus 21:22-23According to the bible, destroying a living fetus does not equate to killing a living human being even though the fetus has the potential of becoming a human being. One can not kill something that has not been born and taken a breath. This means that a stillborn would not be considered a human being either. Of course, every living sperm has the potential of becoming a human being although not one in a million will make it; the rest are aborted. .

Section 3

Question Answer
What is abortion defined as? The premature expulsion of the foetus from the womb
Problem with abortion and murderAs we cannot be truly sure when life begins, it is hard to know if we are committing murder when performing an abortion
When does the law state an abortion can be carried out untilOut up to 24 weeks into a pregnancy, unless the mother's life is at risk or if there is a risk of a serious disability
What is a pro-life activistAnti-abortion as they believe it is raking life- they believe a foetus has a right to life
What is a pro-choice activist?Holds the view that the mother has a right to what happens to her life and her body; she has the right to choose whether she wants a child
What questions must we consider when deciding about performing an abortionWhat is a good reason for having an abortion? Just not wanting the child, or must there be an underlying health reason e.g. a disability of the ambryo or if the pregnancy would affect the health of the woman

Section 4

Question Answer
What does Article 16 of the universal declaration of human rights say"Men and women of full age, without any limitation due to race, nationality or religion, have the right to marry and found a family"
What question does Article 16 raise? Do we have a right to a child under any circumstances
What is Artificial InseminationThe sperm is placed into the reproductive tract of a female for the purpose of impregnating the female- can be from the partner or from the donor (AID artificial insemination by donor)
Issues raised by AI Not the way God intended procreation, not a natural means of creating a child. If a donor sperm is used it could raise issues in terms of the sancitity of marriage. Child could encounter problems when he finds out his 'father' is not his biological father. Who should be allowed to use this treatment e.g. should lesbians be allowed to use it w/ a donor sperm
What is surrogacy>A method of reproduction whereby a woman agrees to become pregnant and deliver a child for a contracted party
What issues are raised by surrogacy? What rights does a surrogate mother have? Should lesbians be allowed to have children through surrogacy. The law states that surrogates can keep the child, therefore the couple are open to manipulation. The surrogate is allowed to behave how she likes during the pregnancy e.g. smoke.
What do these 'artificial' forms of pregnancy enable us to do? Enabes woman to have children later in life e.g. even when they are past the menopause. Raises a number of issues i.e. is it right for a child to have a parent that is much older than the norm.... ABRAHAM AND SARAH!?!?!?!?!?!??!

Natural Law and Abortion

Question Answer
What does Aquinas' primary precept suggest?It is "the preservation of life"- it suggests that abortion was wrong because it goes against this idea
What could another primary precept lead to?Amother primary precets talks of preservation of the innocent- could lead one to formulate the secondary precept "do not abort"- this therefore would suggest that natural law would hold to the absolute deontoligcal idea that abortion is wrong in all situations