App Ex Psych week 4

bethdrysdale94's version from 2017-05-14 18:25

Section 1

Question Answer
Social Cognitive TheoryInteractions between Person (cognitive, affective and biological), environment and behaviour
Definition of Self-Efficacy“people’s judgements of their capabilities to organise and execute courses of action required to attain designated types of performances" - Bandura
What are outcome expectancies?we reflect on an estimate the possible consequences of our behaviours "if i am more active, what are the consequences?" Positive: better health, fitness, functionality, social relations. Negative: Injury, waste time, look stupid, expense
What are efficacy expectancies?self-reflection of our capabilities. Situation-specific confidence to undertake a certain behaviour. Efficacy beliefs and expectations. - help determine many behaviours especially those that challenge us
can i? efficacy expectations
is it worth it?outcome expectations
alcohol examplean individual may believe they can drink fewer alcoholic drinks (efficacy beliefs), but if they do not think the amount they are drinking is harmful (outcome expectations), such self-efficacy will not result in less consumption

Section 2

Question Answer
Self efficacy as a determinant of physical activityphysical activity adoption, physical activity maintenance, post-programme follow-up
Self efficacy as an outcome of PAacute or chronic PA
Self-efficacy interventionenhancement of efficacy, affect, and adherence
Source of self-efficacy verbal persuasion, behaviour, imitation and modeling, physiological arousal

Section 3

Question Answer
prior success and performance attainmentwhat happened in the past will affects how you feel about future efforts at the same, or similar, behaviours
imitation and modellingevidence suggests that confidence can be obtained from observing people similar to ourselves being successful (if they can do it so can i). Likely to be stronger if new behaviour
verbal/social persuasionencouragement from others. not particularly powerful but may be influential if the source is seen to be knowledgable and credible
judgement of physiological statesConfidence will more likely be enhanced through an environment that is positive and relaxing, and does not induce feelings of anxiety

Section 4

Question Answer
Ashford et al 2010: results interventions were more effective if they used vicarious experiences of feedback on past or others' performance. less effective if using persuasion and identification of barriers were used
French et al 2014: older adults resultsinterventions increased self-efficacy (d=0.37) and PA (d=0.14). successful strategies included "set graded tasks" "provide information on where and when to perform the behaviour" & "motivational interviewing"
Olander et al 2013: Obese adults resultsnterventions increased selfefficacy (d=0.23) and physical activity (d=0.50) but no sig. correlation between two. Successful strategies included ‘action planning’, ‘time management’, ‘prompt selfmonitoring of behavioural outcome’ and ‘plan social support/social change. “Set graded tasks” = lower SE (direct contrast to older adults)

Section 5

Question Answer
self-efficacy and PA predictionone of the best predictors of PA
BCT's based on modelling and past performanceconsidered most effective
successfuk strategies to increase SE may alter according to what?the given population
SE has strong opportunities for what with other major theories?synthesis