App Ex Psych 9

bethdrysdale94's version from 2017-05-16 14:56

Section 1

Question Answer
What are intentions?intentions are self-instructions to perform particular behaviours or obtain certain outcomes: "I intend to exercise". They signal the end of deliberation and a decision to act. They are key to popular exercise behaviour theories, assuming a link between thoughts and actions. They represent a cognitive view of behaviour change
intentions and behaviour have a ... relationship, compared to generalised beliefs and behaviour predictionreliable
(Webb & Sheeren 2006) why is it false to assume that intentions cause behaviour?studies are primarily correlational in that if you have more intentions, you are also more likely to exercise
(Webb & Sheeren 2006) overview: meta-analysisparticipants randomly assigned to "intention increasing intervention" or "control" groups. 47 studies met criteria
Webb & Sheeren 2006: Findingsmedium to large change in intention leads to a small to medium change in behaviour.

Section 2

Question Answer
Webb & Sheeren 2006: Conceptual issuesvolitional control. habit/past behaviour.
Webb & Sheeren 2006: Measurement issuestime interval. measure validity, e.g self report
Webb & Sheeren 2006: Study design issuessample type (students prone to social desirability?). Publication bias

Section 3

Question Answer
What is an implementation intention?simple "if-when" plans which specify the when, where and how of a goal directed behaviour (Gollwitzer 1999)
Why may implementation intentions close the gap between intentions and behaviour?they are more specific that normal intentions
Hill et al 2007 implementation intentions development“By specifying the context in which a behaviour will be performed, implementation intentions create a link between cues from a particular context and action”
Hill et al 2007 implementation intentions example"i intend to exercise for one hour a week" TO "every monday i will stay after school and play football for at least an hour"

Section 4

Question Answer
Belanger-Gravela 2013: meta-analysis overview26 studies on implementation intentions and PA
Belanger-Gravela 2013: resultssmall to moderate effect post intervention (0.31). small to moderate effect at follow-up (0.24)
Belanger-Gravela 2013: conclusionsignificant support for imp.ints. and PA. Practical application: "if-then" statements work best

Section 5

Question Answer
Hall et al 2012: overviewparticipants randomly assigned to implementation intention or control groups
Hall et al 2012: study 1 and 2supportive environmental conditions vs unsupportive environmental conditions
Hall et al 2012: conclusionImp-int bigger impact on PA when conditions unfavourable _ MOST EFFECTIVE IN CHALLENGING CONDITIONS