App Ex Psych 8

bethdrysdale94's version from 2017-05-16 14:04

Section 1

Question Answer
What is body monitoring technology?mobile wearable digital devices that offer new ways of monitoring, measuring and representing the human body. Sometimes known as mHealth (mobile health). They allow an inidividual to collect detailed biometric data and share this with others
Common technical features of body monitoring techHR, Tracks movement (steps, distance, speed). GPS route and intensity. Sleep quality, calories burned, push notifications and goal settings, community access
How might body monitoring work psychologically?Self regulation theory: motivation and action cannot occur without adequate self-regulation
What is self-regulation characterised by? (Bandura 1991)self-monitoring one's behaviour, its determinants and its effects. Judgement of ones behaviour in relation to ones standard or environmental norms. Affective self-reaction.
(Strickland 2012) Apple App store offers over ... health-related apps13,000
in 2012, how many health related apps were downloaded worldwide? (Raskin 2012)around 44 million

Section 2

Question Answer
Sanders et al 2016: overviewscientific and consumer data bases systematically trawled for body monitoring technology. 82 devices found (73 self monitored PA, 9 devices monitored sedentary time) no devices had been used in public research
Sanders et al 2016: conclusiondevices not adequately tested as "behaviour change interventions"

Section 3

Question Answer
Jakicic et al: overviewfirst six months; participants on low cal diet, prescribed physical weekly activity, recevied group counselling, PA diary submitted weekly. At 6 months; added phone consultations, text message prompts and online study materials.
Jakicic et al: standard vs enhanced interventionstandard; group initiated self-monitoring of diet and PA using a website. Enhanced: group provided with a wearable devide and accompanying web interface to monitor diet and physical activity.
Jakicic et al: Key findingsat 24 months, standaed intervenion group lost significantly more weight than the wearable tech group (2.4kg). Both groups had significant improvements in body composition, fitness, PA and diet, with no significant difference between groups.

Section 4

Question Answer
Lupton 2013: techno utopia that falsely promises a perfect, imperishable body; does body knowledge equate to disease prevention? healthy form of motivation? perfection realistic?
Lupton 2013: Body monitoring is a form of healthism – the promotion of health above other aspects of life> may lead to extreme behaviours (compulsive exercise). > psycho-social health? > socio-economically privileged have the resources to prioritise health > less privileged are considered irresponsible or lacking self-control. > who uses body monitoring tech; those who are already motivated?
Lupton 2013: Body monitoring is expensive and elitist> equipment costs £100-500 > demands technological "know-how" > are they for the fit wanting to become fitter rather than inactive looking to become active?
Lupton 2013: Body monitoring promotes “performing health” by encouraging “results” to be shared via social media platforms> identity constituting: we become our calorie intake or our step count. > this can take on a competitive edge which can be motivating but also demotivating. > what motivational impact does this have on those who do not engage in body monitoring?

Section 5

Question Answer
summary:body monitoring equipment has yet to be subject to rigorous empirical appraisal. > tech is appealing to already motivated, but inaccessible to inactive surveillance groups. > constant surveillance could lead to disordered or extreme behaviours