App Ex Psych 7

bethdrysdale94's version from 2017-05-15 14:56

Section 1

Question Answer
group dynamics theory a)an individual is significantly changed by joining a group
group dynamics theory b)interactions between an individual and other group members facilitates changes in all involved
group dynamics theory c) an attractive group exerts strong influence on its members while a group that is perceived to be unattractive does not
group dynamics theory d)the essential characteristic underlying group-dynamics approaches is the development of group cohesion

Section 2

Question Answer
GDB vs Individual Interventions: inconsistent findingsinterventions delivered to groups have been found to be more effective, less effective and equally effective than those delivered to individuals
GDB vs Individual Interventions: critiquewas a "group intervention" used or a mere "aggregate of people"? Active-ingredient or mere context?
GDB- informed exercise interventionsprovide opportunities for group members to interact, include acitvities that enhance attractiveness of the group across members, increase perceptions of group cohesion

Section 3

Question Answer
Burke et al 2006: in order of biggest impact on PA1. GDB interventions 2. class based interventions 3. individual interventions with social support 4. individual interventions without social support
Carron & Spink, 1993, 1996: Model for increased Cohesion - environmentdistinctiveness and size
Carron & Spink, 1993, 1996: Model for increased Cohesion - processcollective goals, cooperation, competition, interaction & communication, collective efficacy
Carron & Spink, 1993, 1996: Model for increased Cohesion - structureposition, status, roles, norms

Section 4

Question Answer
Estabrooks, Harden and Burke 2012: overview reviewed 17 GDB exercise interventions with a focus on specific mechanisms of effect
Estabrooks, Harden and Burke 2012: results15/17 studies reported the GBD strategies improved one or more PA related outcomes: > PA > exercise > fitness > adherence