App Ex Psych 5

bethdrysdale94's version from 2017-05-15 11:12

Section 1

Question Answer
What is Spencer-Oatey's definition of culture?“Culture is a fuzzy set of basic assumptions and values, orientations to life, beliefs, policies, procedures and behavioural conventions that are shared by a group of people, and that influence (but do not determine) each member’s behaviour”
What is the cultural determinism theory?our cultural environment determines our behaviour (flies in the face of biological/genetic explanations of human behaviour
cross-cultural exercise psychology examplesidentifying whether there are culturally resistant, universal psychological laws (basic psychological needs?). Exploring western trends in non-western populations (how do barriers to exercise differ in China compared to the UK?)
Does psychology suppress non-western cultures?western psychology has defined itself as a universal psychology, and has thus functioned as a suppressive form of colonisation - Gergen 2014

Section 2

Question Answer
which populations are studied in exercise psychology interventions?black/african american/african = 3%. Asian = 2%. Hispanic/Mexican American/Latino = 1%. Native American/Aboriginal =1%. (minority ethnic groups have seen scant research and this has not improved proportionally over the last 20 years (rhodes&nasuti 2012))
Koshoedo et al 2015: Meta-ethnographic qualitative synthesis of 14 studies looking at...perceptions, cultural expectations, personal barriers, and factors affecting access to facilities
Koshoedo et al 2015: perceptionsislamic background: ageing and external locus of control (e.g. God) were considered causes of disease with little or no control of human activities (including physical activity) to prevent them. "physical activity was seen as harmful as a cause of more weakness or disease, and as a reflection of selfish activity to abandon other responsibility" p.5
Koshoedo et al 2015: cultural expectationsthe gender identity of South Asian women was pronounced as dictated by cultural norms and family obligations. " a fear of breaking the rules or acting outside these norms to avoid condemnation from members of same BME group " p.9
Koshoedo et al 2015: personal barriersgreater emphasis was placed on work commitments (e.g longer working hours) over physical activity for financial stability in the UK especially following migration " first generation migrants.. lacked confidence and faced challenges due to limited social networks " p.10

Section 3

Question Answer
Maori Case Study Henwood et al 2007: backgroundministry of health-funded Korikori a Iwi project. Five Maori health providers in Te Taitokerau region. A mix of rural and small-town communities
Maori Case Study Henwood et al 2007: Korikori a Iwi project> develop community physical exercise and nutrition initiatives based on Maori cultural traditions. > physical activity an integral part of holistic wellness for maori. traditional activities required coordination, stamina and fitness. > appointed "local leaders" played large role in developing community-specific activity programme
Maori Case Study Henwood et al 2007: Evaluation> programmes captured a wide range or participants, including those "hard to reach", user-friendly way and utilised local resources. > project coordinator passion, skills and ancestral Maori links were key to success. > Overreliance on key community figures?

Section 4

Question Answer
integrating indigenous knowledge with traditional psychological theories is one route to...cultural exercise psychology
knowledge of culturally-specific exercise beliefs, barriers and expectations may support..more effective exercise promotion initiatives