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AP World History Vocab Terms

gunajepu's version from 2017-11-02 16:05

8,000 B.C.E.---600 B.C.E

Question Answer
The development of crop and animal raising as a food source among humans to supplement hunting and gatheringAgricultural Revolution or Neolithic Revolution
A form of government in which power is held by the nobilityAristocracy
Of or relating to a land, culture, or people alien and usually believed to be inferior to another land, culture, or peopleBarbarian
Members of the highest of the four major castes of traditional Indian society, responsible for officiating at religious rites and studying and teaching at the VedasBrahmins
The administrative structure of a large or complex organizationBureaucracy
Centers of population, commerce, and culture of significant size and importanceCities
A relatively high level of cultural and technological developmentCivilization or Advanced Society
The specialization of tradeComplex Institutions
Something that is used as a medium of exchangeCurrency
A divine character or natureDeity
A form of government in which the supreme power is vested in the people and exercised directly by them or by their elected agents under a free electoral systemDemocracy
Conformity to religious law, custom, duty, or one's own quality or character, originally used in BuddhismDharma
The spread of ideas, customs, and technologies from one people to anotherDiffusion
A varied selection of food readily available to a communityDiversified Food Supply
Any of various animals that have been tamed and made fit for a human environmentDomesticated Animals
An important political theory in the history of ChinaDynastic Cycle
The belief that all people are created equal and deserve equal rights and opportunitiesEgalitarian
A system of principles governing morality and acceptable conductEthical Codes
A region just beyond or at the edge of a settled areaFrontier
People who search the land for animals to hunt and edible plants to gatherHunters and Gatherers
A cold period marked by episodes of extensive glaciation alternating with episodes of relative warmthIce Age
An agricultural production system characterized by high inputs or laborIntensive Cultivation
Artificial application of water to soil near or far from the sourceIrrigation Systems
The sum of a person's actions in this and previous states of existence, viewed as their deciding fateKarma
A traditional Chinese philosophical concept concerning the legitimacy of rulesMandate of Heaven
The practice or state of being married to one person at a timeMonogamy
A person holding religious beliefs other than those of the main worldPagan
A social and economic system based on the raising and herding of livestockPastoralism
A system of government in which the father or eldest male is head of the familyPatriarchy
The practice of having more then one wife or husbandPolygamy
The act of keeping detailed notes about activities and eventsRecord Keeping
Denoting attitudes, activities or other things that have no religious basisSecular
The production of raw silkSericulture
Populations of people who stayed in their locationSettled Populations
The state of being a slaveSlavery
The learned skill of a specific jobSpecialization of Labor
An amount of something left over when requirements have been metSurplus
Reconciliation or fusion of differing systems of belief, as in philosophy or religionSyncretism
Any cloth or goods produced by weaving, knitting, or feltingTextiles
A form of government in which God or a deity is recognized as the supreme civil ruler, the God's or deity's laws being interpreted by the ecclesiastical authoritiesTheocracy

600 B.C.E.---600 C.E.

Question Answer
The worship of ancestors whose spirits are frequently held to possess the power to influence the affairs of the livingAncestor Veneration
The belief in the existence of individual spirits that inhabit natural objects and phenomenaAnimism
An enlightened being who, out of compassion, forgoes nirvana in order to save othersBodhisattva
A social structure in which classes are determined by heredityCaste System
A sovereign state consisting of an independent city and its surrounding territoryCity-State
Of or relating to the most artistically developed stage of a civilizationClassical
The arrangement or systemization of something into a code or set of codesCodification
The basic, eternal principle of the universe that transcends reality and is the source of being, non-being, and changeDao
The dispersion of Jews outside of Israel from the sixth century B.C.E., when they were exiled to Babylonia, until the present timeDiaspora
A blessed state in which the individual transcends desire and suffering and attains nirvana/mokshaEnlightenment
A deep respect for the parents and ancestorsFilial Piety
A fusion of the Ancient Greek world with that of the Near East, Middle East and Southwest Asia, and a departure from earlier Greek attitudes towards "barbarian" culturesHellenistic
An event, action, or object that clearly shows or embodies something, esp. a theory or an abstract ideaManifestations
A businessperson who trades in commodities that were produced by others, in order to earn a profitMerchant
People who are sent on a mission, especially one sent to do religious or charitable work in a territory or foreign countryMissionaries
A state ruled or headed by a monarchMonarchy
A community of persons, especially monks, bound by vows to a religious life and often living in partial or complete seclusionMonastery
A system of winds that influences the climate of a large area and that reverses direction with the seasonsMonsoon Winds
A prince, chief, or ruler in India or the East IndiesRaja
The incarnation or embodiment of a soul in a new body after it has left the old one at physical deathReincarnation
Payments, usually of an amount fixed by contract, made by a tenant at specified intervals in return for the right to occupy or use the property of anotherRents
A political order in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who are entitled to vote for officers and representatives responsible to themRepublic
A ceremonial act or a series of such actsRituals
Important Hindu literature composed in SanskritSanskrit Scriptures
Any book or body of writings, especially when regarded as sacred by a particular religious groupScriptures
The animistic religion of certain peoples of northern Asia in which mediation between the visible and spirit worlds is effected by shamansShamanism
The action of making Chinese in character or changing or modifying by Chinese influenceSinicization
The peaceful interaction of human dynamics among members of a social group or groupsSocial Harmony
Ideas that hold true across belief systems everywhereUniversal Truths

600---1450 C.E.

Question Answer
A devastating epidemic in the 14th century across most of Europe and AsiaBlack Death
The way of the Japanese warrior, similar to chivalryBushido
An Islamic state led by a supreme religious as well as political leader known as a caliphCaliphate
A method of ancient Mesoamerican agriculture which used small, rectangular areas of fertile arable land to grow crops on the shallow lake beds in the Valley of MexicoChinampa
The traditional code of conduct associated with the medieval institution of knighthoodChivalry
The part of the world where most people are ChristiansChristendom
Chinese system of determining a person's capability of holding a leadership roleCivil Service Exam System
Religious conflicts mounted by the Roman Catholic Church to regain access to the Holy LandThe Crusades
Areas where Muslims are in the majorityDar al-Islam
A port where merchandise can be imported and then exported without paying import dutiesEntrepĆ³t
A political and economic system of Europe from the 9th to about the 15th century, based on the holding of all land in fief or fee and the resulting relation of lord to vassal and characterized by homage, legal and military service of tenants, and forfeitureFeudalism
The property or fee granted to a vassal for his maintenance by his lord in return for serviceFief
Persons of high birth or social standingGentry
The longest canal or artificial river in the worldGrand Canal (China)
A period in North America and Europe where temperatures are thought to have been warmer than in preceding and following periodsGreat Warming Period
A member of a caste responsible for maintaining an oral record of tribal history in the form of music, poetry, and storytellingGriot
An association of persons of the same trade or pursuits, formed to protect mutual interests and maintain standardsGuild
A pilgrimage by Muslims to MeccaHajj
A former economic and defensive confederation of free towns in northern Germany and neighboring areasHanseatic League
A medieval ruler of a Mongol, Tartar, or Turkish tribeKhan
To kneel and touch the ground with the forehead in worship or submission as part of a Chinese customKow Tow
A period characterized by expansion of mountain glaciers and cooling of global temperatures, especially in the Alps, Scandinavia, Iceland, and AlaskaLittle Ice Age
The system of manorial social and political organization, as in the Middle AgesManorialism
A system or tribute to the government in the form of labor in Incan societyMit'a
An attempt to create a more rationalist and secular form of Confucianism by rejecting superstitious and mystical elements of Daoism and Buddhism that had influenced Confucianism during and after the Han DynastyNeoconfucianism
A social class which possesses more acknowledged privileges or eminence than members of most other classes in a society, membership therein typically being hereditaryNobility
The office of the popePapacy
Recording devices historically used in the region of Andean South AmericaQuipus
The military nobility of medieval and early-modern JapanSamurai
The status of peasants under feudalism, specifically relating to manorialism. It was a condition of bondage or modified slavery which developed primarily during the High Middle Ages in Europe and lasted in some countries until the mid-19th centurySerfdom
The moral code and religious law of IslamSharia
The second largest denomination of Islam, which believes that only God can choose a representative to safeguard IslamShia
A religion defined by its adherents as the inner, mystical dimension of IslamSufism
The title of certain rulers who claimed almost full sovereignty in practical terms (i.e., the lack of dependence on any higher ruler), without claiming the overall caliphateSultan
The largest branch of Islam; believes that rulers should be chosen by peopleSunni
A Bantu language and the mother tongue of the Swahili peopleSwahili
A technique of financial management, namely the process of commuting (changing), by its assignment by legal contract to a third party, a future uncertain revenue stream into fixed and certain periodic rents, in consideration for which commutation a discount in value received is sufferedTax Farming
The combination of two or more things to form something newSynthesis
A system utilized by China to extract wealth and respect from surrounding entitiesTribute System
The educated class of Muslim legal scholars engaged in the several fields of Islamic studiesUlamas

1750---1900/1914 C.E.

Question Answer
Putting to end slavery by lawAbolition
New theories about social interactions brought about by figures such as sociologistsAlternative Visions of Society
A statement adopted by the Continental Congress on July 4th, 1776American Declaration of Independence
Movements against foreign invasion and occupation in an imperial settingAnticolonial Movements
A letter to Henry Cullen discussing the causes of the fall of the Second Republic of VenezuelaBolivar's Jamaica Letter
The upper class in Marx's conflict theoryBourgeoisie
A system where trade and enterprise are controlled by private people/businessesCapitalism
A treaty where a weaker power gives things/territory up to a larger powerCapitulation
A political-military leader at the head of an authoritarian powerCaudillo (Spanish)
Laws in America preventing Chinese immigrationChinese Exclusion Acts
The tension or antagonism which exists in society due to competing socioeconomic groupsClass Struggle
A political philosophy emphasizing the need for the principles of natural law and transcendent moral orderConservative
Markets dominated by products and services designed for the general consumerConsumer Markets
The supreme law adopted by a countryConstitution

1900/1914 C.E.---Present

Question Answer
Opposition to the policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependenciesAnti-Imperialism
Hatred of the Jewish race/religionAnti-Semitism
Any system or practice that separates people according to race, caste, etc.Apartheid
An action yielding to the demands of a person, group, or nation in a conciliatory effort, sometimes at the expense of justiceAppeasement
The melding of theological ideologies to ideas regarding state well-beingApplication of Religion to Political Issues
A government exercising complete or almost complete control over the will of its citizensAuthoritarianism
A wandering Arab of the Asian or African desertBedouin
A movement with the aim of securing the resurgence of the defunct state of Biafra from NigeriaBiafra Secessionist Movement
Plants and animals improved by scienceChemically and Genetically Enhanced Forms of Agriculture
A sustained state of political and military tension between powers in the Western Bloc (the United States with NATO and others) and powers in the Eastern Bloc (the Soviet Union and its allies in Warsaw Pact)Cold War
Organizing something centrally both politically and economicallyCollectivization
A theory or system of social organization based on the holding of all property in common, actual ownership being ascribed to the community as a whole or to the stateCommunism
The fact or practice of an increasing consumption of goodsConsumerism