AP US History - The Enduring Vision - Key Terms - Chapter 5 - Roads to Revolution, 1750-1776

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when an angry crowd of poor and working-class Bostonians protested a British soldier's abusive treatment a few hours earlier of a Boston apprentice who was trying to collect a debt from the officer. Shots rang out, and as a result, four Bostonians lay dead, and seven more were wounded, one mortally.Boston Massacre - March 5, 1770
American military leader and the first President of the United States (1789-1797). Commander of the American forces in the Revolutionary War (1775-1783), he presided over the Second Constitutional Convention (1787) and was elected President of the fledgling country (1789). He shunned partisan politics and in his farewell address (1796) warned against foreign involvement.George Washington
When representatives of the seven colonies met to talk about relations with the Native Americans. They delegates also endorsed a proposal for a colonial federation, the Albany Plan of the Union, based on the ideas of Benjamin Franklin and Thomas Hutchinson.Albany Congress
King of Great Britain from 1760-1820.George III
Issued by George III to assert direct British control of land transaction, settlement, trade, and other activities of non-Indians west of the Proclamation line along the Appalachian crest.Proclamation of 1763
Amended the Molasses Act of 1733. It reduced tax on molasses to three-pence per gallon.Sugar Act
Obliged colonists to purchase and use special stamped (watermarked) paper for newspapers, customs documents, various licenses, college diplomas, and legal forms used for recovering debts, buying land, and making wills.Stamp Act
Groups that the Stamp Act and often rebelled by destroying the property of the elites.Sons of Liberty
Affirmed parliamentary power to legislate for the colonies "in all cases whatsoever".Declaratory Act
Also known as Townshend duties, it was passed in June and July 1767, and it taxed glass, paint, lead, paper, and team imported to the colonies from England.Revenue Act
Linked almost every interior community to Boston through a networks of dedicated activists. Members were responsible for exchanging information and coordinating measures to defend colonial rights.committees of correspondence
War between Virginians and the Shawnee and Mingo Indians in 1774. The two forces met at Point Pleasant on the Virginia side of the Ohio River, and the Indians were defeated. During the peace conference that followed, Virginia gained uncontested rights to lands south of the Ohio in exchange for its claims on the northern side.Lord Dunmore's War
Eliminated all remaining import duties on tea entering England and thus lowered the selling price to customers.Tea Act
In November 1775, Virginia's governor, Lord Dunmore, promised freedom to any able-bodied male slave who enlisted in the cause of restoring royal authority.Lord Dunmore's Proclamation
A series of laws that was made up of the Boston Port Bill, the Massachusetts Government Act, the Administration of Justice Act, the Quartering Act, plus the unrelated Quebec Act. Intended by the British Parliament to simply punish Massachusetts, the acts instead pushed most colonies to the brink of rebellion.Intolerable Acts
Group of representatives appointed by the legislatures of a dozen North American colonies of Great Britain.Continental Congress
a "loyal message" to King George III from the Second Continental Congress that presented three demands: a cease-fire at Boston, repeal of the Coercive Acts, and negotiations to establish guarantees of American rights.Olive Branch Petition
a pamphlet written by Thomas Paine that advocated freedom from British rule.Common Sense
Proposed by the Second Continental Congress, this document proclaimed independence of the Thirteen Colonies from British rule.Declaration of Independence