AP US History - The Enduring Vision - Key Terms - Chapter 29 - A Time of Upheaval, 1968-1974

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Question Answer
Nonviolent youth movement that tried to transform the United States into a "participatory democracy".Students for a Democratic Society (SDS)
coalition of student groups that insisted on the right to campus political activity.Berkeley Free Speech Movement (FSM)
Famous for being site of a student protest that ended with Mississippi patrolmen killing two students and wounding a dozen more, sparking nationwide student strikes.Jackson State College
Youth culture that rejected the repressed authority of the established order and adopted love, cooperation, community and immediate gratification as their mantra.hippies
Term coined by historian Theodore Roszack describing hippies as a ". . . a culture so radically disaffiliated from the mainstream assumptions of our society that it scarcely looks to many as a culture at all, but takes on the alarming appearance of a barbarian intrusion."Counterculture
1969 music festival attended by four hundred thousand young people in 1969 to celebrate their vision of freedom and harmony.Woodstock festival
Court case where the Supreme Court struck down state laws infringing on a woman's right to abortion during the first trimester (three months) of pregnancy.Roe v.Wade
Longtime U.S. Congress member who also served in the U.S. House of Representatives from 1949-1959 and the U.S. Senate from 1959-1971. In 1968 he unsuccessfully sought the Democratic Presidential nomination.Eugene McCarthy
Attack launched by the National Liberation Front and North Vietnamese forces, attacking more than a hundred South Vietnamese cities and towns.Tet offensive
Served as U.S. Attorney General from 1961-1964. He was also the younger brother of John F. Kennedy.Robert Kennedy
38th Vice President of the United States, serving under President Johnson. He also served two terms as a Senator in Minnesota.Hubert Humphrey
Anarchistic group led by counterculture guru Abbie Hoffman, who sought to ridicule the political system during the Democratic National Convention by threatening to dump LSD in Chicago's water system and to release greased pigs into the city streets."Yippies"
German-born diplomat who served as National Security Advisor and later Secretary of State during the Nixon and Ford administrations.Henry Kissinger
Massacre in Vietnam, where soldiers gang-raped girls, lined up women and children in ditches and shot them, and then burned the village.My Lai
Period of reduced tensions between rival nations. d├ętente
Astronaut who became the first person to walk on the moon. Upon landing on the moon, he proclaimed, "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind."Neil Armstrong
Whitehouse unit led by created by Nixon to discredit his opposition and ensure executive secrecy. The nickname came from the unit's assignment to plug government leaks."the plumbers"
Secret documentary history of U.S. involvement in Vietnam, revealing a long history of White House lies to Congress, foreign leaders, and the American people.Pentagon Papers
Democratic nominee in the Presidential election of 1972. He lost the election to incumbent Richard Nixon.George McGovern
Secret informant who provided reporters Woodward and Bernstein with information about the Watergate break-ins."Deep Throat"