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AP US History - The Enduring Vision - Key Terms - Chapter 1 - Native Peoples of America to 1500

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sofajeha's version from 2015-11-18 21:50

Section

Question Answer
Purple-and-white shells that laid in the dry lakebed that Hiawatha walked onto.wampum
Council of chiefs from the Onondaga, Mohawk, Oneida, Cayuga and Seneca Iroquois nations.Iroquois Confederacy
The earliest Americans.Paleo-Indians
The mutual bestowing of gifts and favors.reciprocity
Native Americans who flourished in the US after 4000 B.C.Archaic peoples
Central and southern Mexico and Central America.Mesoamerica
Political societies in Mesoamerica where the earliest hereditary rulers exercised absolute power over a few closely clustered communities.chiefdoms
Political societies in Mesoamerica where a ruler or government exercises direct authority over many communities.states
The empire that migrated from the north during the 13 th century and settled on the shore of Lake Texcoco as subjects of the local inhabitantsAztecs
The empire that conquered and subordinated societies over much of the Andes and adjacent regions after 1438.Incas
The culture that emerged in the Southwest during the third century B.C., when ancestors of the Akimel O'odham and Tohono O'odham Indians began farming in the Gila and Salt River valleys of southern Arizona.Hohokam culture
The culture that originated during the first century B.C. in the Four Corners area.Anasazi culture
Town on the lower Mississippi River that was the center of the Indian communities around 1200 B.C.Poverty Point
An early Native American culture centered in the Ohio River valley from about the tenth century B.C. to about the second century A.D. , noted for its elaborate burial mounds, and highly developed artistic style.Adena
An early Native American culture centered in the Ohio River valley from about the second century B.C. to the fourth century A.D. , noted for the construction of extensive earthworks and large conical burial mounds and for its highly developed arts and crafts.Hopewell
An early Native American culture formed in about A.D. 700 in the floodplains of the Mississippi River and noted for the construction of extensive earthworks and large conical burial mounds, religious ceremonies and for its highly sophisticated arts and crafts.Mississippian
Area located near modern St. Louis, Missouri, where about twenty thousand people inhabited a 125-square-mile metropolitan area.Cahokia
Families that consist of a husband, a wife, and their biological children.nuclear families
Extension of the nuclear family that included additional relatives.extended families
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