AP US History - America Past and Present, 7th Edition - Fill in the blank - Chapters, 9-16

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Section 1

Question Answer
The treaty that secured Florida for the United States and drew a dividing line between Spanish territory in the Southwest and U.S.held Northwest Territory was the __________.Adams-Onis Treaty
The main focus of westward agrarian expansion after 1815 was the land between the Mississippi River and the __________.Appalachian Mountains
Sac and Fox Indian leader__________ attempted unsuccessfully to recapture lands east of the Mississippi in the 1830s.Black Hawk
Although roads and canals were few by 1815, the United States had a superb natural transportation system in its __________.river networks
Before the coming of the steamboat, almost all river cargo was carried on small vessels called __________.flatboats
The completion of the Erie Canal helped make __________ the unrivaled commercial capital of the United States.New York City
The serious threat to national harmony during the Monroe administration involved the question of admitting __________ to the nation as a slave state.Missouri
The Supreme Court decision in Dartmouth College v. __________ determined that any charter granted by a state was a legal and inviolable contract and strengthened the position of business enterprises against the states.Woodward

Section 2

Question Answer
The rise of democracy meant that __________could rise more easily to positions of importance and status.self-made men
In the first quarter century of the republic, political leaders had regarded __________ as obstructionist and threatening to Republican virtue.parties
During the 1830s and 1840s, a mass market became available for popular literature due to the increase in __________.literacy
The dominant genre in the theater during the Jacksonian period was __________.melodrama
In preparing for the 1828 election, Jacksonians laid the groundwork for the first modern political party, the __________.Democrats
The unofficial set of advisors from whom Jackson constantly sought advice was known as the __________.Kitchen Cabinet
The first__________ was begun in Philadelphia to organize workers in 1827.labor movement
The Indian tribe that presented the greatest obstacle to voluntary relocation under Jackson's plan because of its settled agrarian way of life was the __________.Cherokee
That government should support enterprises that contribute to prosperity was the Whig support for the__________. positive liberal state
Southern free traders and planters referred to the Tariff of 1828, which increased rates across the border, as the __________.Tariff of Abominations

Section 3

Question Answer
The leader of a violent slave rebellion in Virginia on August 22, 1831, was __________.Nat Turner
The original plantation crop of the upper South in colonial days was __________.tobacco
The most important domestic economic interest and the most valuable single export for the United States on the eve of the Civil War was __________.cotton
Some southerners were fans of the romantic cult of chivalry as described in the novels of __________. Sir Walter Scott
The__________ favored gradual emancipation and deportation of Blacks.American Colonization Society
Lack of __________ was primarily responsible for the low standard of living of southern Whites.transportation
Proslavery advocates argued that the institution was sanctioned by the authority of the __________.Bible
Many African American fugitives fought along with the Indians in__________. the Second Seminole War
A network to assist escaped slaves in finding their way to freedom was called the __________. underground railroad
__________ was an ex-slave who made dangerous raids into the South to help runaway slaves.Josiah Henson

Section 4

Question Answer
The religious revival that began around 1801 on the southern frontier was called the __________.Second Great Awakening
The Baptists and __________ dominated the Second Great Awakening on the southern frontier.Methodists
The organization that tried to convince people to abstain from drinking hard liquor was the __________. American Temperance Society
The __________. the antislavery society that dominated until the 1830s, advocated emancipation followed by the colonization if freed African Americans.American Colonization Society
The primary school reading book that was introduced in 1836 and also taught the "Protestant ethic" was called the __________.McGuffey Reader
William Lloyd Garrison published a leading abolitionist journal called the __________.Liberator
The political party that was based on anti-slavery sentiment was the __________.Liberty Party
The Shakers established the __________, one of the most successful and long-lived manifestations of utopianism before the Civil War.Oneida Community
The doctrine of __________was used to justify and glorify the women's role in the domestic sphere.two spheres
The __________was an enterprise to spirit slaves out of the South to freedom in the North or in Canada.underground railroad

Section 5

Question Answer
In 1818, the United States and Great Britain agreed to a tenyear joint occupation of __________.Oregon
The Texans' hope for local self-government suffered a blow in 1834 when __________ made himself dictator of Mexico and abolished the federal system of government.Santa Anna
The hero of San Jacinto and the first president of the Texas republic was __________.Sam Houston
Americans traveled the Santa Fe Trail to exchange manufactured goods for Mexican goods as furs, mules, and __________.precious metals
The Mormons were led to Utah by __________. Brigham Young
The first vice president to enter the White House upon the death of a president was __________.John Tyler
The phrase "manifest destiny" was coined and popularized by journalist __________. John L. O'Sullivan
The most important single battle of the Mexican War came in April 1847 when General Winfield Scott led American forces to victory over the Mexican army at __________.Cerro Gordo
The most important factor in the transformation of the American economy during the 1840s and 1850s was the rise of the __________.railroad
One and onehalf million Irish left their homes for America between 1845 and 1854 when a series of blights hit the __________ crop, their principal source of subsistence.potato

Section 6

Question Answer
In 1844, radical abolitionist __________ publicly burned a copy of the Constitution, condemning it as "a covenant with death, an agreement with hell."William Lloyd Garrison
The first significant effort to create a broadly based sectional party in opposition to the extension of slavery came with the founding of the __________ party.Free Soil
Serving once again as the "great pacificator," Senator __________ of Kentucky offered a series of resolutions in 1850 meant to restore sectional harmony.Henry Clay
Presidential opposition to the Compromise of 1850 was broken when __________succeeded to the White House upon the death of Zachary Taylor.Millard Fillmore
The first territorial elections in Kansas were controlled by pro-slavery settlers, aided by thousands of residents from __________ who crossed the border to vote illegally.Missouri
Pro-slavery adherents touched off a small-scale civil war in Kansas with a raid on the free-state capital, portrayed by northern propagandists as "the sack of __________."Lawrence
The turmoil in Kansas associated with attempts to implement popular sovereignty contributed to the increased popularity of the __________ party in the North.Republican
President Buchanan was denounced by Republicans as a __________, a pro-southern Democrat.doughface
The raid by fervent abolitionist John Brown on the federal arsenal and armory in __________ touched off a wave of fear, repression, and mobilization in the South.Harper's Ferry, Virginia
Republicans rejected Senator __________ of New York as their presidential candidate in 1860 because of his radical positions against slavery and nativism.William Seward

Section 7

Question Answer
Southerners who supported secession by individual states were opposed by __________, who argued that their states should act together rather than singly.cooperationists
Fort Sumter was located in the harbor of __________.Charleston
The four border states that remained in the Union were Delaware, Kentucky, Missouri, and __________.Maryland
General Winfield Scott recommended squeezing the South into submission with an __________.anaconda policy
Politicians who called for restoration of the Union by negotiation rather than war were called __________.Peace Democrats
Union naval forces that captured New Orleans were led by Flag Officer __________.David Farragut
Lincoln replaced __________ because he thought the general was suffering from a case of "the slows."George McClellan
The Union captured, held, and then released two Confederate envoys to Britain; they were James Mason and __________.John Slidell
An American ambassador to Britain helped prevent the recognition of the Confederacy; he was __________.Charles Francis Adams
In 1864, the Democrats nominated __________.George McClellan

Section 8

Question Answer
The 1915 epic film of D. W. Griffith that presented Reconstruction as a "tragic era" of misrule and corruption was entitled __________.Birth of a Nation
Slavery was abolished with the ratification of the __________.Thirteenth Amendment
Lincoln refused to sign the WadeDavis Bill of 1864 by exercising a __________. pocket veto
The physical destruction of the South would not have been so devastating had there been sufficient __________ available for rebuilding.investment capital
The __________ Amendment restricted the power of the states to violate the life, liberty, or property of any citizen.Fourteenth
By the 1870s, most African Americans were relegated to the system of __________, an arrangement whereby they agreed to work a small piece of land in return for a fixed share of the crop.sharecropping
In 1874, President Grant discouraged inflation by vetoing a modest new issue of __________.greenbacks
The __________was a southern organization bent on restoring White supremacy by intimidating politically active African Americans.Ku Klux Klan
The southern Republican party consisted of the following three groups, poor white farmers, blacks, and __________.businessmen
By the 1870s, leadership of the Republican party had passed to opportunistic politicians called __________ who were more interested in personal gain than in public service or the rights of the freedmen.Spoilsmen