Native American farmers grew corn, squash, and __________.
Most tribes located on the Atlantic Coast of North America belonged to a linguistic group known as __________.
the Eastern Woodlands Tribal Group
Eric the Red's son, Leif, established a small settlement in North America in the tenth century called__________.
More maneuverable ships built in the fifteenth century with a new type of sail were called __________.
The __________, invented at some time in the 1430s by Johann Gutenberg, aided the spread of new knowledge.
In 1494, Pope Alexander VI divided newly discovered lands between Spain and Portugal by issuing the __________.
Treaty of Tordesillas
The kings of Spain rewarded successful conquistadores with a grant of the labor of an Indian village. This grant was called an __________.
The __________ were the first Europeans to exploit Africa for slaves.
The creation of powerful __________ in Europe contributed to the advent of the age of exploration.
The teachings of John Calvin, especially the doctrine of predestination, contributed to the development of a religious group known as the __________ who would become instrumental in the settlement of North America.
In the Chesapeake, an economy based almost entirely on the single commodity of __________ created an insatiable demand for indentured servants and Black slaves.
Because most colonists to New England migrated as members of __________, the shock of adjusting to a strange environment was lessened.
The best-selling book of seventeenth-century New England was Reverend Michael Wigglesworth's __________, a 1662 poem describing in terrifying detail the fate of sinners on Judgment Day.
The Day of Doom
The first institution of higher learning founded in England's mainland colonies was __________.
Until the end of the nineteenth century, the Creole language __________, which mixed English and African words, was spoken on some of the Sea Islands along the Georgia-South Carolina coast.
The term mercantilist system was coined by the famous eighteenth-century Scottish economist __________ to describe Great Britain's commercial regulations of her colonies.
To establish a more favorable balance of __________, a nation seeks to export more than it imports.
American colonists were rankled at the establishment in 1696 by England of __________ courts in America to try offenders of the Navigation Acts because such courts required neither juries nor oral cross-examination, both traditional elements of the common law.
The village of __________ was plunged into terror in the early 1690s when several adolescent girls began to behave in strange ways and announced they were victims of witches.
In 1789, Congress created the Departments of War, State, and __________.
The first chief justice of the Supreme Court and a leading figure in New York politics was __________.
Alexander Hamilton defended the constitutionality of the national bank on the basis of the __________ powers of Congress.
The minister who precipitated a major diplomatic crisis by seeking American aid for France in its war against Britain was __________.
The United States had little chance of securing a successful negotiation of its problems with Britain because a secret message relaying America's willingness to compromise was sent to British officials by __________.
General Anthony Wayne led an American army to victory over Indians in the Northwest Territory at the Battle of __________.
John Fenno established a newspaper strongly supporting Federalist philosophy and policies, the __________.
Gazette of the United States
In 1794, farmers in western Pennsylvania rebelled against the levy of a federal excise tax on __________.
"Millions for defense, but not one cent for tribute" was the reaction of Federalist John Marshall to the __________.
A recurrence of the tie that resulted in the election of 1800 was prevented by the ratification of the __________Amendment.