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AP Psychology - What Is Psychology? - Key Terms

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celine's version from 2018-09-19 18:47

Section

Question Answer
The scientific study of behavior and mental processes.psychology
The use of systematic methods to observe the natural world, including human behavior, and to draw conclusions.science
Everything we do that can be directly observed.behavior
The thoughts, feelings, and motives that each of us experiences privately but that cannot be observed directly.mental processes
The process of reflecting deeply and actively, asking questions, and evaluating the evidence.critical thinking
Gaining knowledge through the observation of events, the collection of data, and logical reasoning.empirical method
A branch of psychology that emphasizes human strengths.positive psychology
Wundt's approach to discovering the basic elements, or structures, of mental processes; so called because of its focus on identifying the structures of the human mind.structuralism
James's approach to mental processes, emphasizing the functions and purposes of the mind and behavior in the individual's adaptation to the environment.functionalism
Darwin's principle of an evolutionary process in which organisms that are best adapted to their environment will survive and produce off spring.natural selection
An approach to psychology focusing on the body, especially the brain and nervous system.biological approach
The scientific study of the structure, function, development, genetics, and biochemistry of the nervous system, emphasizing that the brain and nervous system are central to understanding behavior, thought, and emotion.neuroscience
An approach to psychology emphasizing the scientific study of observable behavioral responses and their environmental determinants.behavioral approach
An approach to psychology emphasizing unconscious thought, the conflict between biological drives (such as the drive for sex) and society's demands, and early childhood family experiences.psychodynamic approach
An approach to psychology emphasizing a person's positive qualities, the capacity for positive growth, and the freedom to choose any destiny.humanistic approach
An approach to psychology emphasizing the mental processes involved in knowing: how we direct our attention, perceive, remember, think, and solve problems.cognitive approach
An approach to psychology centered on evolutionary ideas such as adaptation, reproduction, and natural selection as the basis for explaining specific human behaviors.evolutionary approach
An approach to psychology that examines the ways in which social and cultural environments influence behavior.sociocultural approach
The scientific study of psychological disorders and the development of diagnostic categories and treatments for those disorders.psychopathology
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