AP Psych Social Psychology

zagufudi's version from 2015-09-11 05:39


Question Answer
Social PsychologyStudy of how we think about, influence, and relate to one another
Attribution TheoryExplain someone's behavior by crediting either the situation or the person's disposition
Fundamental attribution errorOverestimating the influence of personality and underestimating influence of situations (disposition>situation)
Attitude Are feelings, often influenced by our beliefs that predispose are reactions to objects, people, and events
Central route persuasionInterested people focus on arguments and respond with favorable thoughts (Mac v. PC)
Peripheral route persuasionPeople are influenced by incidental cues, such as speaker's attractiveness (cereal)
Foot in the door phenomenon Tend for people whoo agree to a small action to comply to a large one (free sample to entire case)
RoleSet o explanations(norms) about a social position
Cognitive dissonance theoryAct to reduce the discomfort we feel when 2 of our thoughts are inconsistent (lose to winning isn't everything)
ConformityAdjusting one's behavior or thinking to coincide with a group standard
Normative social influence Influence resulting from a person's desire to gain approval or avoid disapproval
Informational social influenceInfluence resulting from one's willingness to accept others opinions about reality
Social facilitationStronger responses on well learned tasks in presence of others(home crowd advantage) and perform unmastered tasks less quickly / accurately when with people
Social loafingTendency for people in a group to exert less effort when pooling their efforts toward straining a common goal then when individually accountable
DeindividuationLoss of self-awareness and self restraint occurring in group situations that foster Arousal and Anonymity
Group PolarizationEnhancement of group's prevailing inclinations through discussion in group
Group think Mode of thinking that occurs when the desire for harmony in decision making overrides realistic appraisal of alternatives
PrejudiceUnjustifiable (and usually negative) attitude towards a group and its members
StereotypeGeneralized belief about a group of people
DiscriminationUnjustifiable negative behavior toward a group and its members
IngroupUs- people with whom we share a common identity
OutgroupThem- those perceived as different or apart from our ingroup
Ingroup biasTendency to favor our own group
Scapegoat theory The theory that prejudice offers an outlet for anger by providing someone to blame
Other race effectTendency to recall faces of one's own race more accurately than faces of other races
Just world phenomenon Tendency for people to believe the world is just and that people therefore get what they deserve and deserve what they get