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AP Psych Prolouge Vocab

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elk1181's version from 2017-09-10 20:23

Section

Question Answer
behaviorismview that psychology (1) should be an objective science (2) that studies behavior without reference to mental processes. Most research psychologists today agree with (1) but not with (2)
humanistic psychologyperspective that emphasized the growth potential of healthy people and the individual's potential for personal growth
cognitive neurosciencestudy of the brain activity linked with cognition including perception, thinking, memory, and language
psychologythe science of behavior and mental processes
nature-nurture issuethe controversy of whether whether a person's development is predisposed in his DNA or genes, or whether it is influenced by this life experiences and his environment. Today's science sees traits and behaviors arising from the interaction of both nature and nurture
natural selectionorganisms better adapted to their environment and contributing to reproduction tend to survive and produce more offspring
levels of analysisdiffering complementary views, from biological to psychological to social-cultural, for analyzing any given phenomenon
biopsychosocial approachan integrated approach that incorporates biological, psychological, and social cultural levels of analysis
basic researchpure science that aims to increase the scientific knowledge base
applied researchscientific study that aims to solve practical problems
counseling psychologybranch of psychology that assists people with problems in living and in achieving greater well-being
clinical psychologya branch of psychology that studies and treats people with psychological disorders
psychiatrya branch of medicine dealing with psychological disorders that can prescribe medication and provide therapeutical assistance
positive psychologythe scientific study of human functioning, with the goals of finding and promoting strengths that help individuals and communities thrive
community psychologya branch of psychology that studies how people interact with their social environments and how social institutions affect individuals and groups
testing effectenhanced memory after retrieving, rather than simply reading, information. Also referred to as a retrieval practice effect or test- enhanced learning
SQ3Ra study method of five steps: Survey, Question, Read, Retrieve, Review
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