AP Psych Ch. 1 Terms

divununo's version from 2015-08-27 04:52


Question Answer
Hindsight BiasThe tendency to believe, after learning an outcome, that one would have foreseen it
Critical ThinkingThinking that does not blindly accept arguments and conclusions. Rather, it examines assumptions, discerns hidden values, evils yes evidence, and assessed conclusions
TheoryAn explanation using an integrated set of principles that organize observations and predicts behaviors or events
HypothesisA testable prediction often implied by a theory
Operational DefinitionA statement of the procedures used to define research variables ( what temperature is hot)
ReplicationRepeating the essence of a research study, usually with different participants in different situations, to see wether the basic finding extends to other participants and corcumstancxes
Case StudyAn observation technique in which one person is studied in depth in the hope of revealing universal principals
SurveyA technique for ascertaining the self reported attitudes or behaviors of a particular group, usually by questioning a representative, random sample of the feoup
PopulationAll the cases in a group being studied from which samples may be drawb
Random SampleA sample that fairly represents a population because each member had an equal chance of inclusion
Naturalistic ObservationObserving and recording behavior in naturally occurring situations without trying to manipulate and control the sotuation
Correlation A measure of the extent to which two factors very together and thus of how well either factors predict the other
Correlation Coefficient A statistical index of the relationship between two things
Scatter PlotsA graphed cluster of dots, each of which represents the values of two variables The slope of the the points suggest the directions of the relationship between to variables. The amount of scatter suggests the strength of correlation
Illusory CorrelationThe perception of a relationship where none exsists
ExperimentA research method in which an investigator manipulates one or more factors(Independent variables) to observe that effect on some behavior is mental process
Random AssignmentsAssigning participants to experimental and controll groups by chance, thus minimizing pre existing
Double-Blind ProcedureAn experimental procedure in which both the research staff are ignorant about wether the research
Placebo EffectExperimental results caused by experiences alone; any effect on behavior caused by the administration of an intern substance or condition
Experimental GroupIn an experiment the group that is exposed to the treatment , that is, to one version of the independent variable
Control GroupIn an experiment the group that is not exposed to the treatment; contrasts with the experiment s