AP Human Geography-Chapter 8

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Section 1

Question Answer
AnocracyA country that is a mix between democratic and autocratic
AutocracyA country that is run by rules and not by the people
Balance of PowerEqual strength between countries or governmental powers that oppose each other
Border/BoundaryAn invisible line that marks the limits of a country
City-StateA state made up of a city and its surrounding areas
ColonialismOne country attempts to establish settlements "and to impose its political, economic, and cultural principles in another territory"
ColonyA territory that does not have its own sovereignty but is dependent upon its "mother" country
Compact StateA country/state whose center is always almost equidistant from its borders
DemocracyRule by the people

Section 2

Question Answer
Elongated State"A state with a long, narrow shape"
Fragmented State"A state that includes several discontinuous pieces of territory"
Federal StateA subdivision of the major government into smaller, more manageable, local governments
FrontierZone in between two sovereign states that neither state controls
MicrostateVery small state
Multiethnic StateA state with more than one ethnicity
Multinational State"A state that contains two or more ethnic groups with traditions of self-determination that agree to coexist peacefully by recognizing each other as distinct nationalities
Nation-StateA state with the territory of an ethnic group that "has been transformed into a nationality"
Perforated State"A state that completely surrounds another one"

Section 3

Question Answer
Prorupted State"An otherwise compact state with a large projecting extension" that is usually used for ocean access and increased trading
SovereigntyA state's ability to govern itself without external forces seeking to control it
Unitary StatePower is typically placed in "the hands of central government officials.
TerrorismThe continued use of violence and intimidation to coerce a government/population into doing what it demands