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AP Euro Exam (Part 2)

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xisawidu's version from 2015-05-08 01:24

Section

For people, wars and terms, click AP Euro Exam.

isms

Question Answer
A political system in which the ruler has total power, with no limitations.Absolutism.
Set of beliefs that the Puritans followed; lived by strict laws and banished people who were unable to follow those laws.Calvinism.
An economic system based on private ownership of property, individual risk taking, and market determination of the price of goods.Capitalism.
The faith, practice, and church order of the Roman Catholic Church.Catholicism.
Scientific observation of the outer world; logic; believed in following standards and traditions.Classicism.
A political and economic system where factors of production are collectively owned and directed by the state.Communism.
The theory of the evolution of species by natural selection advanced by Charles Darwin.Darwinism.
The exercise of absolute power, especially in a cruel and oppressive way.Despotism.
The practice of relying on observation and experiments.Empiricism.
A system of government characterized by strict social and economic control and a strong, centralized government usually headed by a dictator.Fascism.
The advocacy of women's rights on the grounds of political, social, and economic equality to men.Feminism.
Common practice of conquering other lands at the expense of the natives.Imperialism.
Cultural belief in freedom from Americans.Individualism.
An economic theory advocating free competition, a self-regulating market and the gold standard.Liberalism.
Belief of the truths of God's Word as they are summarized and confessed in the Book of Concord.Lutheranism.
Belief or desire of a government or people that a country should maintain a strong military capability and be prepared to use it aggressively to defend or promote national interests.Militarism.
Patriotic feeling, principles, or efforts.Nationalism.
An artistic movement that rose after 1850 which stated that the world should be viewed realistically; also known as realism.Naturalism.
Opinion is based on reason and knowledge rather than emotions.Rationalism.
A movement in the arts and literature that originated in the late 18th century.Romanticism.
A system in which the government, owns and controls the means of production.Socialism.
memorize

Art

Question Answer
Bacchus and Ariadne.Titian.
Christ in the Storm on Lake of Galilee.Rembrandt.
David.Michelangelo.
Mars and Venus.Sandro Botticelli.
Mona Lisa.Leonardo da Vinci.
Pieta.Michelangelo.
The Birth of Venus.Sandro Botticelli.
The Creation of Adam.Michelangelo.
The Last Judgement.Michelangelo.
The Last Supper.Leonardo da Vinci.
The School of Athens.Raphael.
Virgin of the Rocks.Leonardo da Vinci.
Wandering Above the Sea of Fog.
(looking at nature; romanticism)
Caspar David Friedrich.
memorize

Art Eras

Question Answer
First.
Leonardo da Vinci (Mona Lisa, The Last Supper, Virgin of the Rocks), Michelangelo (David, Pieta), Raphael (The School of Athens), Sandro Botticelli (Venus), Titian (Bacchus and Ariadne).
Renaissance.
Second.
Rembrant (Christ in the Storm on Lake of Galilee).
Religious.
Baroque.
Third.
1715-1774; France, light pastel style.
Rococo.
Fourth.
Jacques-Louis David.
Neo-Classical Painting.
Fifth.
Caspar David Friedrich (Wandering Above the Sea of Fog).
1800s; nature.
Romanticism.
Sixth.
Monet (The Water Lily Pond), Manet, Van Gogh (The Starry Night, Irises, Cafe Terrace at Night).
First impression of a scene.
Impressionism.
Seventh.
Looked real.
Realism.
Eighth.
Industrialization.
Victorian Art.
Ninth.
Salvador Dali.
Surrealism.
Tenth.
Picasso (Guernica).
Blue period; dots.
Cubism.
Eleventh.
Post-World War II.
Alien; foreign.
Alienation.
memorize

Royalty

Question Answer
Ruled Russia from 1762 to 1796 and expanded territory in a golden age for the country; encouraged science, art and literature.Catherine the Great.
Ruled England without parliament for eleven years; created ship money; executed by Parliament in 1649.Charles I.
Holy Roman Emperor that called for the Diet of Worms; supporter of Catholicism; known for his opposition of Luther and the Protestant Reformation.Charles V.
King of England during the Seven Years' War, American Revolution, and French Revolution.George III.
English king that led during the Hundred Years' War.Henry V.
Strengthened royal power.Henry VII.
Expanded Russia; took away the powers of the nobles; killed people who he thought opposed him.Ivan the Terrible.
Loathed king for being Catholic.James II.
Abolished Serfdom.Joseph II of Austria.
"The Sun King;" moved his Kingdom to Versialles after French revolts in Paris.Louis XIV.
King of France during the Revolution who tried to flee and was later executed.Louis XVI.
Overthrew French Directory in 1799 to became emperor of France in 1804 and one of the most popular people of all-time; united Germany after the elimination of many states. Failed to defeat Great Britain in 1814 and was sent to exile.Napoleon Bonaparte.
Overthrew Ivan the Terrible and built a strong army and navy; adapted western ways.Peter the Great.
memorize