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Antihypertensive therapy choices

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sws42792's version from 2015-05-07 16:41

Section

Question Answer
Primary (essential) hypertensionThiazide diuretics, ACE inhibitors, angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs), dihydropyridine Ca channel blcokers
Hypertension with heart failureDiuretics, ACE inhibitors/ARBs, Beta-blockers (compensated HF), aldosterone antagonists - Beta blockers should be used cautiously in decompensated HF
Hypertension with diabetes mellitusACE inhibitors/ARBs, Ca channel blockers, thiazide diuretics, Beta-blokcers (ACEIs/ARBs are protective against diabetic nephropathy)
Hypertension in pregnancyHydralazine, labetalol, methyldopa, nifedipine
Hypertensive emergencyClevidipine, fenoldopam, labetalol, nicardipine, nitroprusside
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