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Antihypertensive drugs

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sgthuan's version from 2016-02-19 01:57

alpha drugs (central acting)

Question Answer
clonidinecatapres (a2 agonist)
prazosinminipress (a1 blocker)
terazosinhytrin (a1 blocker)
doxazosincardura (a1 blocker)
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Beta blockers

Question Answer
bisoprololzebeta (selective b1) for HF
atenololtenormin (selective b1)
acebutololsectral (selective b1)
metoprolol tartratelopressor (selective b1)
metoprolol succinatetoprol XL (selective b1) for HF
betaxololkerlone (3rd selective b1)
esmololbrevibloc (selective b1)
propranololinderal (non-selective b)
timololblocadren (non-selective b)
pindololvisken (non-selective b)
labetaloltrandate (3rd non-selective b)
carvedilolcoreg (3rd non-selective b) for HF
nebivololbystolic (3rd selective b1)
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ACE inhibitors

Question Answer
captoprilcapoten (1st) for HF
lisinoprilzestril/prinivil for HF
enalaprilvasotec for HF
enalaprilatvasotec injection for HF
benazeprillotensin
ramiprilaltace for HF
fosinoprilmonopril for HF
quinaprilaccupril for HF
trandolaprilmavik (strongest) for HF
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ANG II Antagonists (ARBs)

Question Answer
losartancozaar (1st) for HF
valsartandiovan for HF
irbesartanavapro
olmesartanbenicar (prodrug)
candesartanatacand (prodrug) for HF
aliskirentekturna (renin inhibitor)
telmisartanmicardis
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ARB+ Combination

Question Answer
candesartan/HCTatacand HCT
irbesartan/HCTavalide
losartan/HCThyzaar
olmesartan/HCTbenicar HCT
valsartan/HCTdiovan HCT
amlodipine/valsartanexforge
amlodipine/olmesartanazor
valsartan/aliskirenvalturna
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Calcium Channel Blockers

Question Answer
verapamil SRcalan SR (Phenylalkylamines) (oldest)
diltiazemcardizem (benzothiazepines)
amlodipine besylatenorvasc (DHP) good for HF
nifedipine ERadalat CC, procardia (1st prototype) (DHP)
nicardipinecardene (DHP) (for CAD)
nimodipinenimotop (DHP) (for subarachnoid hemorrhage)
clevidipinecleviprex (DHP) (IV only)
felodipineplendil (DHP) good for HF
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Diuretics

Question Answer
acetazolamidediamox (CAI)
dichlorphenamidedaranide (CAI)
methazolamideneptazane (for ocular condition) (CAI)
mannitolosmitrol
furosemidelasix (LD) for HF
bumetanidebumex (LD) for HF
torsemidedemadex (LD) for HF
ethacrynic acidedecrine (LD) for sulfate allergy [expensive]
hydrochlorothiazidehydro-diuril
chlorothiazidediuril
chlorthalidonethalitone, hygroton
polythiaziderenese
trichlormethiazidediurese
indapamidelozol
metolazonezaroxolyn
spironolactonealdactone (PSD/Aldosterone receptor antagonist) for acute HF
eplerenoneinspra (PSD/Aldosterone receptor antagonist) for acute HF
amiloridemidamor (PSD)
triamterenedyrenium (PSD)
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vasodilator (for anti-anginal)

Question Answer
hydralazineapresoline
hydralazine/isosorbide dinitratebidil (HF for black, alternative of ACE-I)
minoxidil loniten
nitroprussidenitropress (for arterial dilation)
nitroglycerinnitrostat, nitro-dur (for venous dilation)
diazoxidehyperstat IV
nesiritidenatrecor (BNP)
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