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Antidotes

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munsele's version from 2016-06-28 12:39

Section

Question Answer
APAPN-acetylcysteine
Animal bitesRabies vaccine, human rabies immunoglobulin
OrganophosphatesAtropine and Pralidoxime
BotulismBotulism antitoxin
Black widow spider bitesantivenom for Latrodectus mactans
Carbon monoxideOxygen
EthanolSupportive care, correct hypoglycemia
Ethylene glycol, diethylene glycol, methanolFomepizole (Antizol) or ethanol
Anticholinergic (atropine, Benadryl, belladonna, judson weed, scopolamine, dimenhydrinate)Supportive care, rarely physostigmine
BenzosFlumazenil
BBLSupportive, possibly glucagon or high dose insulin with glucose
CCBsupportive care, calcium chloride or gluconate or high dose insulin with glucose
Cyanide Hydoxocobalamin, Sodium thiosulfate + sodium nitrite
Dabigatran Idarucizumab (Praxbind)
DigoxinDigifab
Heavy MetalsDimercaprol or succimer
Heparin Protamine (1mg reverses 100units)
IsoniazidPyridoxine (B6)
IronDeferoxamine
Local anestheticsLipid emulsion 20%
MethotrexateLeucovorin
MethemoglobinemiaMethylene Blue
Amatoxin-containing mushroomsSupportive care, Silibinin +/- atropine
NaphthaleneSupportive care, methylene blue
Neostigmine, pyridostigminePralidoxime
NicotineAtropine
Petroleum Oxygen
Oleander or foxgloveDigifab
Salicylates Sodium bicarb
Scorpion stingsAntivenin immune FAB Centruroides (Anascorp)
Snake bitesAntivenom, microbus fulvous for coral snake bites. CroFab for Copperhead and Rattlesnake
Stimulant ODBenzos
TCAsSupportive care
VPA induced hyperammonemiaL-carnitine
WarfarinPhytonadione (Vit K)
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