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Antidotes, Therapeutic Levels, Norm Lab Values

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zuyijufu's version from 2017-04-20 06:03

Section

Question Answer
acetaminophenacetylcysteine
anticholinergicsphysostigmine
anticholinesteraseatropine
benzodiazepinesflumazenil (rumazicon)
beta blockersglucagon
digitalis (digoxin)digoxin immune fab (digibind)
dopaminephentolamine
calcium channel blockerscalcium chloride, calcium glutinate, glucogon, insulin/glucose
carbon monoxideoxygen
cholinergicsatropine, pralidoxime (2-pam)
curareedrophonium (tensilon)
cyanideAmyl Nitrate, sodium nitrite, sodium thiosulfate,methylene blue
ethylene poisoningfomepizole (antizole)
heavy metals, copper, lead, mercurysuccorer, pencillamine, EDTA, Dimercaprol
heparinprotamine sulfate
iron toxicitydeferoximine (desferol)
isoniazidpyridoxine
lead toxicitysuccimer
magnesium sulfatecalcium glucanate 10%
MethanolEthanol
Narcotics (morphine)Naloxone (Narcan)
Tricyclic antidepressentsphysostigmine
warfarin (coumadin)Phytonadione (vitamin K)
Aminophylline10-20mcg/ml
carbamazepine5-12mcg/ml
digoxin0.8-2 ng/ml OR 0.5-2 ng/ml
gentamicin0.5-0.8ng/ml
lidocaine1.5-5mcg/ml
lithium0.8-1.4meq/l OR 0.8-1.2meq/l
magnesium sulfate4-8mg/dl
phenobarbital10-30mcg/ml
phenytoin10-20mcg/ml
quinidine2-5mcg/ml
salicylate100-250mcg/ml
tylenol10-20mcg/ml
theophylline10-20mcg/ml OR 5-15mcg/ml
tobramycin5-10mcg/ml
procainamide4-8mcg/ml
WBC5000-10,000 mm3
RBC Males4.7-6.1 million /uL
RBC Females 4.2-5.4 million /uL
platelets150,000-400,000/mm3
Glucose (blood sugar70-110
Pt is conscious and awake hypoglycemia: 15 g of carbs (4 oz OJ, 2 oz Grape juice, 8 oz Milk) 3X q 15 min. if still low give IV dextrose
4 principles on radiation medsTime (no more than 30 min near pt bed) Distance ( at least 6 ft distance) Shielding (PPE, specifically lead aprons) Fractionization (give meds in divided doses)
How to open ampule? Hold ampule upward and open (snap) away from you
All. increases the risk ____ _______ with metforminLactic acidosis
memorize