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Antidepressant, Antipsychotic, Antianxiety Drugs

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fuketeri's version from 2016-01-24 19:43

Antidepressant (Don't use with MAO)

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
fluvoxamineLuvoxSerotonin Recycle inhibitor Antidepressant
fluoxetineProzac, SarafemSerotonin Recycle inhibitor Antidepressant
paroxetine hydrochloridePaxilSerotonin Recycle inhibitor Antidepressant
sertraline hydrochlorideZoloftSerotonin Recycle inhibitor Antidepressant
citalopramCelexaSerotonin Recycle inhibitor Antidepressant
escitalopramLexaproSerotonin Reuptake inhibitor Antidepressant
paroxetine mesylateAsimiaSerotonin Recycle inhibitor Antidepressant
venlafaxineEffexor XRSerotonin Recycle inhibitor Antidepressant
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Serotonin Agoinist Migraine (vasodilation)

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
sumatriptan succinateImitrexSerotonin Agoinist Migraine (vasodilation)
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Antidepressant (Don't use with MAO)

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
imipramineTofranil, JanimineTricyclic Reuptake Inhibit Antidepressant
desipramineNorpramin, PertofraneTricyclic Reuptake Inhibit Antidepressant
amitriptylineElavil, Apo-amitriptylineTricyclic Reuptake Inhibit Antidepressant
nortriptylineAventylTricyclic Reuptake Inhibit Antidepressant
doxepinAdapin , SinequanTricyclic Reuptake Inhibit Antidepressant
amoxapineAscendinTricyclic Reuptake Inhibit Antidepressant
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Antidepressant

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
mirtazapineRemeronTetracyclic Antidepressant
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Heterocyclic Antidepressant

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
trazodoneDesyrelHeterocyclic Antidepressant
maprotilineLudiomilHeterocyclic Antidepressant
nefazadoneSerzoneHeterocyclic Antidepressant, Severe hepatic failure
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MAO

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
phenelzineNardilAntidepressant, MAO
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Unclassified Antidepressant

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
bupropionWellbutrin, Wellbutrin SR, ZybanUnclassified
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Antianxiety

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
alprazolamXanaxAntianxiety
buspironeBusparAntianxiety (Damage hepatic-renal)
oxazepamSeraxAntianxiety
lorazepamAtivan, Apo-lorazepamAntianxiety(use in permature awakening)
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Insomnia & Sleep Disorders(Contra: sedation drugs,barbiturate,antihistamine,ethanol)

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
bromazepamLectopamInsomnia & Sleep Disorders
temazepamRestorilInsomnia & Sleep Disorders(use in permature awakening)
triazolamHalcion Insomnia & Sleep Disorders
zolpidemAmbien Insomnia & Sleep Disorders
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Therapy of Seizure

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
carbamazepineTegretol XR, CabatrolAnticonvulsant
phenytoin sodiumDilantin Infatab, Dilantin-125Anticonvulsant
fosphenytoinCerebyxAnticonvulsant
gabapentinNeurontinAnticonvulsant
vigabatrinSabrilAnticonvulsant
tiagabineGabatrilAnticonvulsant
valproic acidDepakeneAnticonvulsant(extremely sedating)
lamotrigineLamictalAnticonvulsant(Severe skin rash)
diazepamValium, Apo-diazepamAnticonvulsant
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Question Answer Column 3
methylphenidateRitalin, Concerta (methyphenidate XR)Epilepticus or Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)
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Parkinson

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
l-dopa (levodopa)Dopar, Larodoparincrease dopamine (park)
levodopa with carbidopaSinementincrease dopamine (park)
bromocriptineParlodel, Ergoset increase dopamine (park)(Sotage < Room Temperature)
tolcaponeTasmar, Mirapexincrease dopamine (park)(Severe liver injury)
selegilineEldepryl, Carbexincrease dopamine (park)
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Parkinson (Decrease Acetylcholine)
Question Answer Column 3
procyclidineKemadrinDecrease Acetylcholine (park)
biperidenAkinetonDecrease Acetylcholine (park)
amantadine HClSymmetrelDecrease Acetylcholine (park)
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Alzheimer (inhibitor of acetylcholinesterase which break down acetylcholine )

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
tacrineCognexincrease acetylcholine (alzheimer)
donezepilAriceptincrease acetylcholine (alzheimer)
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Schizophrenia (increase dopamine in Striatum)(block dopa recept)=> dopa useless

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
chlorpromazineThorazine, LargactilSchizophrenia
thioridazineMellarilSchizophrenia
haloperidolHaldolSchizophrenia
olanzapineZyprexaSchizophrenia
clozapineClozarilSchizophrenia
fluphenazinePermitil, ProlixinSchizophrenia
loxapineLoxitaneSchizophrenia
quetiapineSeroquelSchizophrenia
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Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drugs

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
aspirin(acetylsalicylic acidVariousCOX1
ibuprofenIBU, Motrin, Advil, ProvilCOX1 & COX2
ketoprofenActron, Oruvail, Orvdis5*ibuprofen COX1&2
flurbiprofenAnsaid, Ocufencan use in eyes
indomethacinIndocinagainst COX1
ketorolacToradol, Aculan OPHTinhibitor COX-1, Damage renal
sulindacClinorilInhibitor COX1&2
nabumetoneRelafenNonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory
naproxenNaprosyn, EC-Naprosyn, NaprelanNonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory
naproxen sodiumAnaprox, Naprelan, Aleve(OTC)Nonsteroidal Anti-Inflammatory
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Nonsteroidal Pain Relievers

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
acetaminophenTylenollarge or frequent dosing extremely damage liver
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Narcotic Analgesic

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
morphine sulfateMorph Sul, MSIR, RMS, Roxanol,C-II, strong sedative
meperidine hydrochlorideDemerolC-II,euphoric,addictivable
hydromorphone hydrochlorideDilaudidC-II,great for addiction,euphoria,abuse
fentanyl (base)ActiqC-II
fentanyl citrateDuragesic transdermal patchC-II
methadoneDolophineC-II,not euphoria,not addictive
codeine and acetaminophenTylenol #1,#2,#3,#4C-III
hydrocodone and acetaminophenAnexia, Lorcet, VicodinControll substance, large dose=> lose liver
oxycodonePercocet, PercodanC-II
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Narcotic Analgesic(low abuse potential)

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
propoxyphene hydrochloride with aspirinDarvon, Doloxen, ProgesicControlled Substance
propoxyphene napsylateDarvon-NC-II
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Narcotic Analgesic(Partial Agonist and Antagonist)

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
buprenorphineStadol, Stadol NSControlled substance(withdrawal symptoms) (partial anta)
pentazocineTalwinC-IV (partial anta)
naloxoneNarcanvery short acting,and reversal effects seen in a matter of minutes Antagonist
nalmefeneRevexAntagonist
naltrexoneReviaAntagonist
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Recall

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
β1 receptor increase heartrate and force contraction of the hear muscle
β1 receptor blocker(antagonist)decrease heartrate and heart ouput decrease blood pressure and increase tissue perfusion. slowed cardiac conduction rate,decrease arrhythmias, decrease renin(vasocontriction)
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blockade of B1 and/ or B2 may interfere with blood sugar, blockade of b2 receptor may cause bronchoconstriction
Question Answer
Beta receptor agonist??? tissue perfusion, force of the heart contraction, increase blood sugar, blood pressure and cardiac output (useful in hypovolemia and asthma ) contraindicated with diabete
Alpha receptor antagonistdecrease peripheral vasoconstriction, lowering blood pressure and cardiac afterload (hypertension), adverse effect: postural hypotension
Alpha receptor agonistemergency situations of shock, intranasally as decongestant, adverse effect: increase blood pressure
Alpha2 receptor Agonisttherapy of hypertension, therapy of opiate addiction
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Muscarinic Antagonists (antiparasympathetic): block parasympathetic effects => sympathetic effects are seen

Recall

Question Answer
Calcium Channel Blockers1/ Vascular smooth muscle, relax the smooth muscle of arteries and cause vasodilation => useful as antihypertensive and antianginal. 2/ decrease heartrate and cardiac excitability,
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useful as antiarrhythmics and antihypertensive, antiangina 3/ sympatholytic effect.
Effects of Calcium Channel Blockers is flushing, dizziness, constipation, nausea.
Use for treatment of bone pain associated with cyclosporine (Transplant patient)

Beta Receptor Antagonist

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
propranololInderal, Inderal SAblock β1 and β2 equally, contraindicated for diabetic and asthma
atenololTenorminselective β1 adrenergic blocker
metoprolol succinateToprol -XLselective β1 adrenergic blocker
metoprolol tartrateLopressorselective β1 adrenergic blocker
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Beta Receptor Agonist

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
isoproterenolIsuprelstimulate both β1 & 2 receptor, increase blood pressure, cardiac output, tissue perfusion, contraindicate in diabetic, use in asthma
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Alpha Receptor Antagonist

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
doxazosin mesylateCarduraantagonist a1 receptor, use in prostatic hypertrophy, may cause postural hypotension,store < BRT
prazosin hydrochlorideMinipressantagonist a1 receptor, use in hypertension, may cause postural hypotension
terazosinHytrinsimilar with doxazosin and prazosin
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Alpha Receptor Agonist

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
norepinephrineLevophedstimulate a1 receptor, increase blood pressure, also stimulate b1 so heart renin blood sugar are affected
epinephrineAdrenalinstimulate 4 kind of adrenergic receptors similar to norepinephrine
phenylephrineNeo Synephrinenasal spray, hypotensive crisis only
tetrahydrozoline ophthalmic drops, may aggravate prostatic hypertrophy.
oxymetazoline nasal spray, stimulate a1 and a2 , will aggravate hypertension or BPH
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Alpha2 receptor Agonist

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
clonidine hydrochlorideCatapresantihypertension, inhibition of norepinephrine, increase platelet aggregation, abrupt withdrawal may lead to hypertensive crisis
alpha methyl dopa (a-methyldopa)Aldometmay cause rash,liver damage, breast larger, joint pain, use for hypertension
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Muscarinic Antagonists (antiparasympathetic)

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
atropineSal-Tropine, Atropisol (opht)Therapy of heart block, hyperactive sinus reflex, antidote for muscarinic poisoning, normalize cardiac function
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Calcium Channel Blockers

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
nifedipineAdalat, Procardia, Procardia XLnegligible effect on cardiac tissue, no sympathetic effect
nicardipineCardeneno effect on cardiac tissue, use in congestive heart failure
nimodipineNimotopcerebral arterioles, not take with food or parenteral injection
amplodipineNorvasc, amplodipine-1, Lotrelangina, hypertension
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effect on cardiac function
Question Answer Column 3
verapamilCalan, Isoptin, Verelan, Verelan SR, Verelan PM (chronotherapeutic), CoVera HShypertension, atrial arrhythimias, angina
diltiazemCardizem, Dilacor, Tiazac, Tiamate, Cartia XT, Taztia XT, Diltiazem HCL , Cardizem SR - CD, Dilacor XRangina, may cause fatal arrhythmias, arrhythmias, vasodilator, hypertension
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Important

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
adverse effectshypotension, rash, renal damage, contraindicated in pregnacy
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Inhibitors of Angiotensin-Converting Enzyme (ACE Inhibitors)

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
benazeprilLotensin(ACE Inhibitors) hyportension
captoprilCapoten(ACE Inhibitors) use in hypertension, CHF
enalaprilVasotec(ACE Inhibitors) use in heart failure, hypertension
fosinopril sodiumMonopril(ACE Inhibitors)
lisinoprilPrinivil, Zestril combined (Prinzide, Zestoretic)(ACE Inhibitors)
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Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
candesartan cilexetilAtacandAngiotensin II Receptor Blockers
irbesartanAvapro, combine(avalide ,with HCTZ)Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers
telmisartanMicardisAngiotensin II Receptor Blockers
valsartanDiovanAngiotensin II Receptor Blockers
losartan potassiumCozaar, Hyzaar (with HCTZ)Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers
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Direct Vasodilators

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
hydralazineApresoline, Apresazide ( with HCTZ)Direct Vasodilators
diazoxideHyperstat IVDirect Vasodilators
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Venodilators (Nitrates)

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
nitroglycerinNitrol, Nitro-BID, Nitrostat, Nitrostat Sub (sublingual), Nitro-Dur, Nitro Trans, Deponit, Nitro Disc, Minitran TDS (patch)Venodilators (Nitrates)
isosorbide mononitrateIsmo, Monoket, ImdurVenodilators (Nitrates)
isosorbide dinitrateIsordilVenodilators (Nitrates)
sodium nitroprussideNitropress, NitroprussinVenodilators (Nitrates)
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Inotropic Agents Cardiac Glycosides (very narrow therapy window, early toxic effects are slow heart rate (bradycardia), later toxic effects(tachycardia)

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
digoxinLanoxicaps, LanoxinCardiac Glycosides (drink and inject)
digitoxinCrystodiginCardiac Glycosides (drink and inject)
dopamineN/ACardiac Glycosides (inject)
dobutamineDobutrexCardiac Glycosides (inject)
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Inotropic Agents, Phosphodiesterase Inhibitors (Methylxanthines & Bipyridines)

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
amrinoneInocor IVBipyridines increase levels of cAMP
milrinonePrimacorBipyridines increase levels of cAMP
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* Methylxanthines

Sodium Channel Blockers ( also local anesthetics, uesd to block pain, antiarrhythmias )

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
lidocaineXylocaineSodium Channel Blockers
quinidineCardioquin, Quinaglute DuraSodium Channel Blockers
disopyramideNorpaceSodium Channel Blockers (anticholinergic)
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Decrease Fluid Volume (Loop Diuretics)

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
torsemideDemedexLoop Diuretics
bumetanideBumexLoop Diuretics
furosemideLasix, MyrosemideLoop Diuretics
chlorothiazideDiurilThiazide Diuretics
hydrochlorothiazideEsidrex, Ezide, OreticThiazide Diuretics
acetazolamideDiamoxcarbonic anhydrase inhibitor
amiloride hydrochlorideMidamorpotassium-sparing diuretics
spironolactoneAldactonepotassium-sparing diuretics
triamterene and hydrochlorothiazideDyazide, Maxzide potassium-sparing diuretics
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Drug Used in the Therapy of Inappropriate ADH Secretion (SIADH) Syndrome

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
demeclocyclineDeclomycinantidiuretic hormone (ADH) antagonist.
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Drugs Used to Reduce Blood Cholesterol

Generic NameBrand NameClassification
cholestyraminePrevalite, QuestranBile Binding Resins
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