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Antibiotics

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frosty02's version from 2015-04-28 01:33

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CefotaximeE. coli (except O157:H7), Salmonellosis in immunosuppressed, K. pneumoniae, H. influenzae (meningitis, epiglottitis, arthritis)
Must not treat w/ antimicrobialsEHEC
Ty21a vaccineS. enterica - Typhi (Vaccine)
Self-limitingSalmonellosis, C. jejuni
A FlouroquinoloneShigella
Streptomycin + A TetracyclineY. pestis
TrimethroprimYersinia (Gastroenteritis), H. influenzae (URT, bronchitis)
A TetracyclineV. cholerae
AmpicillinP. mirabilis, L. monocytogenes
Ciprofloxacin + GentomicinP. aeruginosa
CeftriaxoneN. gonorrhoeae
MCV4 vaccineN. meningitidis (Vaccine)
Penicillin GN. meningitidis, Streptococcus, C. perfringens, C. tetani
CefuroximeM. catarrhalis
AzithromycinB. pertussis, C. trachomatis
A Tetracycline + RifampinBrucella
A Tetracycline + GentamicinF. tularensis
ErythromycinC. jejuni, C. diphtheriae
Omeprazole + Calirthromycin + AmoxicillinH. pylori
DicloxacillinStaphylococcus
VancomycinMRSA
CiprofloxacinB. anthracis
DTaP vaccineC. tetani, C. diphtheriae (Vaccine)
Stop antibioticsC. difficile
Isoniazid + Rifampin + Pyrazinamide + StreptomycinM. tuberculosis
Folic Acid Metabolism InhibitorsSulfonamides
Peptidoglycan Synthesis InhibitorPenicillins
Peptidoglycan Synthesis Inhibitor, used in penicillin-resistant Gram +Cephalosporins (antibiotic fx)
Peptidoglycan Synthesis Inhibitor, used in high-resistant Gram + (MRSA)Vancomycin (antibiotic fx)
Interferes with mycolic acid synthesisIsoniazid (antibiotic fx)
Interferes with cell wall component transport (topical)Bacitracin (antibiotic fx)
DNA Synthesis Inhibitor, gyrase inhibitorQuinolones (antibiotic fx)
RNA Transcription Inhibitor, binds to RNA polymeraseRifampin (antibiotic fx)
Prevents translocation of ribosome, inhibits proofreading, gram-negative organismsAminoglycosides (antibiotic fx)
Streptomycin, Gentamicin, and Neomycin (drug class)Aminoglycosides, gram-negative organisms (types)
Binds to peptidyl transferaseChloramphenicol (antibiotic fx)
Prevents tRNA transfer of amino acids to ribosomes, broad spectrum antibioticTetracyclines (antibiotic fx)
Doxycycline, Tetracycline, Minocycline (drug class)Tetracyclines, broad spectrum antibiotic (types)
Binds to peptidyl transfer site preventing peptide elongation, gram-positive organismsMacrolides (antibiotic fx)
Erythromycin, Clarithromycin, Azitrhomycin (drug class)Macrolides, gram-positive organisms (types)
Peptidyl transferase inhibitor, used in serious gram-positive and gram-negative infectionsClindamycin (antibiotic fx)
Cephalexin,Cephalothin, CEFAZOLINFirst generation Cephalosporins, target gram-positive bacteria, surgical prophylaxis
CefuroximeSecond generation Cephalosporin that crosses BBB
Cefotaxime and CeftriaxoneThird generation Cephalosporins, target gram-negative bacteria affecting the CNS
CefepimeFourth generation Cephalosporin, target gram-negative bacteria infecting urinary tract
Cefotetan,Cefaclor,CefuroximeSecond generation Cephalosporin, target gram-positive and -negative bacteria
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