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Antibiotics summary

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memory's version from 2016-04-27 20:21

Section

DrugGroupAntibacterial actionAntibacterial mechanismImportant adverse effects
Penicilin VKpenicilinsinhibits cell wall synthesisbactericidalhypersensitivity
Amoxicillin penicilinsinhibits cell wall synthesisbactericidalhypersensitivity
Amoxicillin/Clavulanate(Augmentin)penicilinsinhibits cell wall synthesisbactericidalhypersensitivity
Ampicillinpenicilinsinhibits cell wall synthesisbactericidalhypersensitivity
Methicillinpenicilinsinhibits cell wall synthesisbactericidalhypersensitivity
Cephalexin(Keflex)cephalosporins gen.1inhibits cell wall synthesisbactericidalhypersensitivity
Cephradine(Velosef)cephalosporins gen.1inhibits cell wall synthesisbactericidalhypersensitivity
Ceofadroxil(Duricef)cephalosporins gen.1inhibits cell wall synthesisbactericidalhypersensitivity
Cefazolin(Ancef)cephalosporins gen.1inhibits cell wall synthesisbactericidalhypersensitivity
Cefaclor(Ceclor)cephalosporins gen. 2inhibits cell wall synthesisbactericidalhypersensitivity
Cefuroxime(Ceftin)cephalosporins gen. 2inhibits cell wall synthesisbactericidalhypersensitivity
Cefoxitin(Mefoxin)cephalosporins gen. 2inhibits cell wall synthesisbactericidalhypersensitivity
Cefprozil(Cefzil)cephalosporins gen. 2inhibits cell wall synthesisbactericidalhypersensitivity
Cefpodoxime(Vantin)cephalosporins gen. 2inhibits cell wall synthesisbactericidalhypersensitivity
Cefixime(Suprax)cephalosporins gen. 3inhibits cell wall synthesisbactericidalhypersensitivity
Cefoperazone(Cefobid)cephalosporins gen. 3inhibits cell wall synthesisbactericidalhypersensitivity
Ceftriaxone(Rocephin)cephalosporins gen. 3inhibits cell wall synthesisbactericidalhypersensitivity
Cefepime(Maxipime)cephalosporins gen. 4inhibits cell wall synthesisbactericidalhypersensitivity
Clindamycinleicosanoidsinhibits 50S ribosomebacteriostaticpseudomembranous colitis
Azitromycin(Z-Pak)macrolidesinhibits 50S ribosomebacteriostaticnone significant
Clarithromycin(Biaxin)macrolidesinhibits 50S ribosomebacteriostaticGI hyperactivity
Erythromycinmacrolidesinhibits 50S ribosomebacteriostaticGI hyperactivity
Ciprofloxacinflouroquinoloneinhibits DNA synthesisBactericidalif used under 18 year old =>Symptoms of artrophaty
Ofloxacinflouroquinolone##
Tetracyclinetetracyclinesinhibits 30S ribosomebacteriostaticsuperinfections
Doxycycline(Vibramycin)tetracyclinesinhibits 30S ribosomebacteriostaticnone significant
Minocycline(Minocin)tetracyclinesinhibits 30S ribosomebacteriostaticnone significant
Streptomycinaminoglycosidesinhibits 30S ribosomebacteriostatic (cidal,-Kaplan)ototoxicity, nephrotoxicity
Gentamicinaminoglycosides inhibits 30S ribosomebactericidalototoxicity, nephrotoxicity
Tobramicinaminoglycosides inhibits 30S ribosomebactericidal
Ciprofloxacin(Cipro)flouroqinoloneinhibits DNAbactericidalnausea, headache; arthropaty whet use in children under 18
Bacitracinmiscellaneousinhibits cell wall synthesisbactericidalnephrotoxicity
Chloramphenicolmiscellaneousinhibits 50S ribosomebacteriostaticblood disorder, baby Gray syndrome, pancitopenia
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