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Antibiotics kisspharm

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yulogare's version from 2016-06-27 18:24

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gentamycinaminoglycoside. -30s subunit ribosome. gentamycin is drug that treats P. aeruginosa and enterococci bacteria
neomycinaminoglycoside. -30s subunit ribosome. topical cream used for ears, eyes, skin
streptomycinaminoglycoside. -30s subunit ribosome. tx: TB
amikacinaminoglycoside. -30s subunit ribosome. Broadest!
doxycyclineTetracycline. -30s subunit ribosome. Used with patients with renal failure because it excretes out of the bile. BROAD SPEC.
demeclocyclinetetra's. -30s. intermediate. SIADH
minocyclinetetra's. -30s. saliva, tears
penicillin Gsensitive. Strep, Syphillis
penicillin Vsensitive. Strep, Syphilis
methicillinpenicillin resistant. S. Aureaus (not MRSA)
nafcillinpenicillin resistant. S. Aerues ( not MRSA)
dicloxacillin
ampicillinpenicillin Broad Spec. used with clavulinic acid
amoxicillinpenicillin. Broad spec. used with salbactam
ticarcillinpenicillin. ext- spec. gram - ONLY, P. Aerug
carbenicillin
piperacillinpenicillin. ext- spec. gram - ONLY, P. Aerug
clavulanic acid
sulbactam
tazobactam
cefazolinCephalo. 1st gen: longer duration. IV. penetrates bone
cephalexinCephalo. 1st gen: pharyngitis
cefachlorCephalo. 2nd gen
cefuroximeCepahl. 2nd gen: crosses BBB, B-lactamases, community acquired pneumonia
ceftriaxoneCepahlo. 3rd gen: N gonorrhea!
cefotaximeCephalo. 3rd gen
ceftazidime
cefepimeCephalo. 4th gen. Enters CNS, P. Aerug.
chloramphenicolMacrolide. -50s. Gray Baby syndrome. Anemia. (-) peptidyltrasnferase. Enters CNS
clindamycinMacrolide. -50s. C. difficile OVERGROWTH
erythromycinMacrolide. -50s. Chalmydia, Mycoplasma, LEGIONELLA. give erythro if allergic to Pen G
azithromycinMacrolide. -50s. "Z" Pack, H. Influenza, best therapy for Chlamydia. longer half life
erythromycin
ciprofloxacinquinolones. synergistic B-lactamases. Traveler's Diarrhea (E. Coli), Typhoid fever, Chalmydia.
levofloxacinquinolones. STD
moxifloxacin
nalididixic acidquinolones. 1st gen
quinolone
ofloxacinused for candida
gatifloxacin
metronidazoleChlamydia
aztreonamgram - rods ONLY
imipenemCarbapenems. (-) cell wall
cilastatincombined with imepremin. same mechanism as cephalosporins and pens. cell wall inhibitor
vancomycincell wall inhibitor. D-ala-D-ala. MRSA. VRE. "Red Man Syndrome" (flush)
sulfonamidesinhibits PABA
sulfamethoxazole(-) PABA. used w Trimethoprim. AE: megaloblastic anemia, folic acid def.
sulfadiazine(-) PABA. used w Pyrithemine. tx: UTI. AE: megalo, folic acid def.
trimethoprimworks like PABA.
rifampin
isoniazid
ethambutol
amphotericin B
nystatin
flucytosine
azoles
flucytosine
caspofungin
micafungin
lamisil
griseofulvin
oseltamivir
zanamivir
amatadine
ribavirin
valacyclovir
acyclovir
ganciclovir
foscarnet
cidofovir
raltegravir
zidovudine
abacavir
tenofovir
lamivudine
didanosine
nevirapine
efavirenz
delavirdine
lopinavir
atzanavir
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