Learned, socially acquired traditions of thought and behavior found in human societies. Socially acquired lifestyle that includes patterned, repetitive ways of thinking, feeling, and acting.
Those who share certain cultural features that are significantly different from those of the rest of society
Partially conscious and partially unconscious learning experience whereby the older generation invites, induces, and compels the younger generation to adopt traditional ways of thinking and behaving
Belief that one's own patterns of behavior are always natural, good, beautiful, or important and that strangers, to the extent that they live differently, live by savage, inhuman, disgusting, or irrational standards.
Stipulates that behavior in a particular culture should not be judged by the standards of another. Yet it is evident that not all human customs or institutions contribute to the society's overall health and well-being, nor should they be regarded as morally or ethically worth of respect.
Entails the rejection of a theory because the prediction is not supported by the data
Occurs when culture contact leads to borrowing and passing on of culture traits
Describe culture from the participants' viewpoint; the observer uses concepts and distinctions that are meaningful and appropriate to the participants
Describe culture from the observer's perspective; the observer uses concepts and distinctions that are meaningful and appropriate to the viewer
Set of patterns that is comprehensive enough to afford logical and classificatory organization for a range of traits and institutions that can be observed in all cultural systems
Technologies and activities that bear directly on the provision of food and shelter, protection against illness, and the satisfaction of sexual and other basic human needs and drives
Groups and organizations present in every society that allocate, regulate, and exchange goods, labor, and information
Behavior and thought devoted to symbolic, ideational, artistic, playful, religious, and intellectual endeavors
mental states are identified by what they do rather than by what they are made of
framework for building theory that sees society as a complex system whose parts work together to promote solidarity and stability.
challenge discipline and reject all casual viewpoints