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Ankle & Foot

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yahucuji's version from 2018-03-26 05:21

Section 1

Question Answer
Which type of joint is the talocrural joint?Hinge synovial joint
What does the talocrural joint promote? Stability and mobility
Which way does pes valgus alignment face? Away from the midline of the body
Which way does pes varus alignment face? Towards the midline of the body
How is the ankle most commonly injured? In plantarflexion (due to sudden inversion of the foot)
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Section 2

Question Answer
What are the attachments of the anterior talofibular ligament? Lateral malleolus to neck of the talus
What are the attachments of the posterior talofibular ligament?Medial surface of lateral malleolus to lateral surface of talus
What are the attachments of the calcaneofibular ligament?Lateral mallelous to lateral surface of calcaneus
What type of joint is the Proximal Tiliofibular joint?Plane Joint
What type of joint is the Distal Tiliofibular joint?Syndesmosis/Fibrous
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Section 3

Question Answer
What are the attachments of the anterior tibiotalar part?Medial Malleolus to the neck of the talus
What are the attachments of the Tibiocalcaneal part?Medial Malleolus to the calcaneus
What are the attachments of the Tibionavicular part? Medial Malleolus to the Navicular bone
What are the attachments of the Posterior tibiotalar part?Medial Malleolus to the body of the Talus
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Section 4

Question Answer
Attachments of the medial head of the Gastrocnemius?Popliteal surface of femur, superior to medial condyle to calcaneal tendon to posterior surface of calcaneus
Attachments of the lateral head of the Gastrocnemius?Lateral aspect of the lateral condyle of femur to calcaneal tendon to posterior surface of calcaneus
Attachments of the Soleus? Posterior aspect of head of fibula, soleal line and middle 1/3 of medial border of tibia to calcaneal tendon -> posterior surface of calcaneus
Attachments of the Plantaris? Lateral supercondylar line of femur to calcaneal tendon
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Section 5

Question Answer
Attachments of the Popliteus Lateral surface of lateral condyle of femur to posterior surface of tibia superior to soleal line
Tibialis posterior IOM, posterior surface of Tibia to soleal line and posterior surface of fibula to tuberosity of navicular and across the plantar surface of the foot to the base of 2-4th tarsals
Flexor digitorum longus medial part of posterior surface of  tibia, inferior to soleal line to plantar surface of base of distal  phalanges of lateral 4 digits
Flexor Hallucis longusinferior 2/3 of posterior surface  of fibula and inferior IOM to plantar surface of base of distal  phalanx of hallux
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Section 6

Question Answer
Tibialis anterior lateral condyle and superior half  of lateral surface of tibia and  interosseous membrane (IOM) to plantar surface of medial  cuneiform and base of 1st metatarsal
Extensor digitorum longus lateral condyle of tibia, superior  surface of fibula and IOM todorsum of middle and distal  phalanges 2‐5
Extensor hallucis longus middle part of anterior surface of  fibula and IOM to dorsum of distal phalanx of hallux
Fibularis tertius inferior anterior surface of fibula  and IOM to dorsum of base of 5th metatarsal
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