Angela Arciniega - Japan Medieval Test Questions

aarciniega's version from 2016-04-25 13:19


Question Answer
ClanAn extended family
ShintoTraditional religion of Japan
Prince Shotoko One of Japan's greatest leader
Regent A person who rules a country for someone who is unable to rule alone
Court Group of nobles who live near and serve or advice a ruler
Lady Murasaki ShikibuOne of the greatest writers in early Japanese history
Zen Popular new form of Buddhism
DaimyoJapan's large landowner
SamuraiTrained professional warriors
Figurehead Person who appears to rule even though real power rest with
BushidoSamurai code of rules
Unprecedented Having no equal
Equestrian Related to horse riding
BrocadesRich clothes with design
CormorantsLarge diving birds
Inferiority Lower rank
Brace Pair
Unpretentious Simple; modest
CoronetsSmall crowns
ShogunA general who ruled Japan in the emperors name
MusteredGathered together
Why is most of Japan's land hilly?Japans hills because the top are undersea mountains and volcanoes.
What geographic feature is probably the main reason why japan's early culture was so distinct from that of other parts of Asia?Isolation has contributed to a distinctive
What was the unit of politicsl life in early Japan? They are clans or extended families.
How many centuries was Chinese the official language of Japan?6 centuries
Which sentence explains why the clans leaders did not want a Chinese- style rule? "They were afraid to give p their power."
What type of landforms cover most of Japan?Mountains
How did Japan's location separate it from China and Korea?It was separated by Sea of Japan and East China Sea
What is Shinto?The traditional religion of Japan
How did Yamato rulers gain power?They built up armies and conquered their neighbors
How did Price Shotoku help spread Buddhism in Japan?He built a grand Buddhist temple and wrote commentaries on Buddhist teachings 
Where did Japan's court move in the late 700s?The Japanese court moved to Heian, which is now called Kyoto.
Why are the 800s to 1100s considered a golden age for Japanese literature and art?During the Heian period, the city of Heian was a center of culture and learning, as fashion, literature, visual arts, architecture, and performing arts flourished.
Do you think women in Heian had more rights and freedoms than women in other societies? Why or why not?During the Heian period, women had more rights than in other cultures.
What were two forms of Buddhism that developed in Japan?Pure land and Zen Buddhism forms were developed in Japan.
How was religion among Japanese nobles different from religion among the common people?Religion among Japanese nobles included elaborate rituals. Since common people couldn't afford these, they developed a meditation type of Buddhism.
Why do you think Pure Land Buddhism was popular with common people?Pure Land Buddhism required no special and elaborate rituals, which commoners couldn't afford.
What was the relationship between samurai and daimyo?Samurai were hired to defend the daimyo and their property.
Why do you think the first shogun wanted to keep the emperor as a figurehead?The shogun would have wanted to kept the emperor as a figurehead so that the emperor would be the one to face the consequences of the shogun's actions.
What was Bushido?Bushido was a samurai code of rules that included loyalty and honor
Why did samurai take up pursuits like flower arranging?They focused on the art of meditation and focus, so they took up these pursuits to practice focus.
Who invaded Japan in the 1270s and 1280s?Kublai Khan and the Mongol army invaded Japan in the 1270s and 1280s.
How did the daimyo help weaken the shoguns?Daimyo fought to break free of the shogun's rule because they felt that the shogun didn't give enough credit for their help defending Japan from the Mongols.
What strong leaders worked to unify Japan in the late 1500s?Oda Nobunaga and Tokugawa Ieyasu were two such leaders.