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Anesthesia Quiz 1 2017

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moonlup's version from 2017-01-22 15:56

Section 1

Question Answer
Define General AnesthesiaDrug induced reversible state of muscle relaxation, hyporeflexia, and loss of consciousness and sensation
What is analgesia?Loss of sensation or sensitivity to pain
What is surgical anesthesia?level of general anesthesia adequate to perform surgery
Classic anesthesiasingle drug leading to unconsciousness, analgesia, immobility, and hyporeflexia
Balanced anesthesiatwo or more drugs resulting in surgical anesthesia
What is sedation?aka tranquilization, CNS depression where the patient is awake but calm
What is neuroleptanalgesia?hypnosis and analgesia caused by neuroleptic and analgesic drug combo
What are the phases of anesthesia?Premedication, Induction, Maintenance, Recovery
What drugs are used as premedication?Phenothiazines, Alpha2 Agonists, Benzodiazepines, Opioids, Anticholinergics, Dissociatives
Why place an IV catheter?Ease of induction, access, and fluid administration
What injectable drugs can induce anesthesia?(PT BEAK) Ketamine, Tiletamine, Barbiturates, Propofol, Etomidate, Alfaxalone
What inhalant drugs can induce anesthesia?Isoflurane, Sevoflurane, Halothane, Desflurane
memorize

Section 2

Question Answer
Sequence of events for Veterinary AnesthesiaAnesthesia Request, Assessment, Planning, Action
What is considered during Assessment?Physical Exam, History, food/water intake, medications, Diagnostics
What Diagnostics should be considered?CBC, Chem, Coag, Urinalysis
What is the ASA?American Society of Anesthesiologists
What is the ASA status?Scale of 1 (Excellent) to 5 (Critical) determining patient anesthesia risk
Why fast before anesthesia?reduces aspiration/regurg, pressure on diaphragm, intraabdominal pressure, tympany
What is anesthetic morbidity?complications due to anesthesia/surgery: renal failure, myopathy, nerve damage
What decreases anesthetic risk for horses?Premed w/ acepromazine, TIVA
What increases anesthetic risk for horses?Time of anesthesia, no premeds, gaseous induction and maintenance
What decreases anesthetic risk for cats?Use of pulse oximeter
What increases anesthetic risk for cats?ET intubation, IV fluids
Increases anesthetic risk for dogs?Injectable or inhalent anesthesia alone (vs balanced)
memorize