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Ancient Civilizations I - E.O.C. Review

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hmccord's version from 2015-05-21 15:48

Section 1

Question Answer
What are some of the causes and consequences of the Crusades?Causes: Christians and Muslims wanted the holy land of Jerusalem - Consequences: increased trade throughout Europe, loss of lives
How did the Crusades lead to cultural diffusion?ncreased trade throughout Europe (from transportation of armies and goods over Roman roads)
What is an opportunity cost? Identify the opportunity cost of different economic decisionsWhat is lost/not received as a result of a decision
What are some of the causes and consequences of Chinese dynasties such as the Shang?Shang: first dynasty, produced bronze and first Chinese writing system
What are some of the causes and consequences of Chinese dynasties such as the Zhou?Zhou: Confucius and his teachings
What are some of the causes and consequences of Chinese dynasties such as the Qin?Qin: unified China, built first part of the Great Wall, established a common currency
What are some of the causes and consequences of Chinese dynasties such as the Han?Han: silk weaving, medicines, wheelbarrow, compass, etc.
What are some of the causes and consequences of Chinese dynasties, overall?Overall: the dynasties showed fighting for power and changes in govt. and ideas
What are some of the characteristics of hunting and gathering societies?Small, nomadic groups that followed animals and sources of vegetation/food, temporary shelter
What are some of the advances made by hunting and gathering societies?Slash and burn technique, domesticated animals, stone tools, art, society
How have humans interacted and modified the environment over time?Irrigation, aqueducts, terrace farming, ziggurats, dikes, dams, Great Wall of China, tombs, city-states, establishment of cities, etc.
What are the major beliefs, customs, and traditions of Buddhism?Middle Way/Eightfold Path: steps that Buddhists believe a person should take to lead a balanced life; avoid extreme pleasure/displeasure - Reincarnation: rebirth = new body - Karma
What factors result in cultural diffusion? Trade, travel
Identify and describe reasons (pull factors) that influence humans to settle in specific locations.River access, fertile soil, trade routes, jobs, fair government, resources
How did the Black Death begin and spread during the Middle Ages?Rats with fleas spread the plague to humans = humans spread it to other humans
What are some of the consequences of the Black Death in the Middle Ages?Massive population decline
Why was Hammurabi’s Code significant?First written set of laws and consequences
How did Hammurabi’s Code define the rights of citizens?Written set of laws and consequences for the various social classes
What are the major beliefs, customs, and traditions of Confucianism in ancient China?Started by Confucius - Five relationships; people in authority must set good examples - Civil Service Exam: Merit System; government jobs; Han Dynasty
What are the major beliefs, customs, and traditions of Taoism in ancient China?Balance in all things (yin/yang) - Nature: live in harmony
What are the major beliefs, customs, and traditions of Taoism in ancient China?Balance in all things (yin/yang) - Nature: live in harmony
How has technology changed production?Answers will vary. Example: Printing Press = increased literacy and spread of information
What are some of the major achievements of the ancient Greeks?Democracy, Olympic Games, comedic and tragic plays, lyric poems, columns
What are some of the major achievements of the ancient Romans?Twelve Tables, Colosseum, road system, arches, vaults, aqueducts, tunnels, sewers, concrete
What are some examples of how people have modified their environment to meet their needs?Irrigation, aqueducts, terrace farming, ziggurats, dikes, dams, Great Wall of China, tombs, city-states, establishment of cities, etc.
What are some of the factors that led to the decline of the Roman Empire?Rise of Christianity, Urban Decay, Political Corruption, Unemployment, Decline in Morals and Values, Constantine, Inferior Technology, Barbarian Invasions, Excessive Military Spending
What are some of the reasons that people migrate?River access, fertile soil, trade routes, jobs, fair government, resources
How did the guild system in the Middle Ages affect the economy?Regulated prices and helped the government collect taxes and inspect goods
What are some examples of how religion has influenced government policy?Participating in the Crusades (Middle Ages) - Various civilizations: priests holding power, etc. - Pharaohs being seen as god-kings (Ancient Egypt)
Identify and describe the elements of culture: art, music, religion, government, social structure, education, values, beliefs, and customs.You can remember the elements of culture with this mnemonic device: Animals Make Regular Gourmet Soups/Salads Every Very Beautiful Christmas
Identify and compare some of the forms of government such as in Mesopotamia, Ancient China, Ancient Egypt, and absolute monarchies.Mesopotamia: city-states ruled by a king - Egypt: empire ruled by a pharaoh - Indus River Valley/India: Caste System - Yellow River Valley/China: absolute monarchy (emperor)
Why did the ancient Greeks form city-states?Shortage of farmland = shortage of food
Why did city-states in ancient Greece decline?Peloponnesian War (between Athens and Sparta) left Greece in ruins and vulnerable to attack (leading to the Romans taking over)
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