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Anatomy Quiz 1

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memomaster's version from 2018-01-31 00:52

Section

Question Answer
Posterior Toward or at the backside of the body; behind
TransverseIs a cut made along a horizontal plane, dividing the body or organ into superior and inferior parts.
SuperiorToward the head end or upper part of a structure or the body; below.
Buccalcheek area
Patellaranterior knee
Homeostasis The bodies ability to maintain relatively stable internal conditions event through the outside world is continuously changing.
Anterior Toward or at the front of the body; in front of
MidsagittalCut is made down the median plane of the body and the left and right parts are equal in size. Also called median section.
InferiorAway from the head end or toward the lower part of a structure or the body; below.
Antecubital anterior surface of elbow
Occipitalposterior surface of head
Endocrine SystemGlands secrete hormones that regulate processes such as growth, reproduction, and nutrient use (metabolism) by body cells.
DorsalPertaining to the back; posterior.
SagittalIs a cut made along the lengthwise, or longitudinal, plane of the body, dividing the body into right and left parts.
Orbitaleye area
Brachialarm
Carpalwrist
Nervous SystemFast-acting control system of the body; responds to internal and external changes by activating appropriate muscles and glands.
VentralAnterior or front
FrontalA frontal section is a cut made along a lengthwise plane that divides the body (or an organ) into anterior and posterior parts. It is also called a coronal section.
Inguinalarea where thigh meets body trunk
Cephalichead
Thoracicchest
Circulatory SystemBlood vessels transport blood which carries oxygen, carbon dioxide, nutrients, wastes, etc.; the heart pumps blood.
DistalFarther from the origin of a body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk.
ParasagittalA parasagittal plane is any plane that divides the body into left and right portions, parallel to the sagittal plane, but not directly in the midline.
Femoralthigh
Cervicalneck region
Abdominalanterior body trunk inferior to ribs.
Skeletal SystemProtects and supports body organs; provides a framework the muscles use to cause movement; blood cells are formed within bones; stores minerals.
ProximalClose to the origin of the body part or the point of attachment of a limb to the body trunk.
CaudalIn humans, the inferior portion of the anatomy.
AxillaryArmpit
Deltoidcurve of the shoulder formed by large deltoid muscle
Pelvicis a body cavity that is bounded by the bones of the pelvis.
Urinary SystemEliminates nitrogenous wastes from the body; regulates water, electrolyte, and acid-base balance of the blood.
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